## Questions and Answers

Describe the shape of 's'-orbitals.

The distribution of electrons in '1s' is symmetrical around the nucleus, and there is an equal chance of finding the 's' electron in any direction with respect to the nucleus. The surface of the sphere represents the probability of finding the 's' electron.

What is the difference between an orbit and an orbital?

An orbit represents a definite circular path at a definite distance from the nucleus in which the electron revolves around the nucleus, while an orbital signifies a region in three-dimensional space around the nucleus where there is a maximum probability of finding the electron.

What is the shape of 'p'-orbitals?

A 'p' orbital is two-lobed and like a dumbbell. The probability of finding an electron is concentrated along one direction. There are three 'p' orbitals: p_{x}, p_{y}, and p_{z}, which are oriented along the three mutually right angle axes x, y, and z.

What is the most likely direction to find an electron in the {}p_{x}^{\prime} orbital?

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What is the energy of electrons in an atomic orbital?

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