Atomic Structure Quiz

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5 Questions

Describe the shape of 's'-orbitals.

The distribution of electrons in '1s' is symmetrical around the nucleus, and there is an equal chance of finding the 's' electron in any direction with respect to the nucleus. The surface of the sphere represents the probability of finding the 's' electron.

What is the difference between an orbit and an orbital?

An orbit represents a definite circular path at a definite distance from the nucleus in which the electron revolves around the nucleus, while an orbital signifies a region in three-dimensional space around the nucleus where there is a maximum probability of finding the electron.

What is the shape of 'p'-orbitals?

A 'p' orbital is two-lobed and like a dumbbell. The probability of finding an electron is concentrated along one direction. There are three 'p' orbitals: p_{x}, p_{y}, and p_{z}, which are oriented along the three mutually right angle axes x, y, and z.

What is the most likely direction to find an electron in the {}p_{x}^{\prime} orbital?

In the {}p_{x}^{\prime} orbital, it is most likely that the electron will be found in the direction of the x^{\prime} axis, and there is no chance at all of being found in either direction at right angles to the x^{\prime} axis, i.e., the nodal plane which has zero electron density.

What is the energy of electrons in an atomic orbital?

The energy of an electron in an atomic orbital is always the same.

Test your understanding of atomic structure with this quiz on the difference between orbit and orbital in relation to electron behavior. Challenge your knowledge of electron movement and probability within an atom's structure.

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