Bohr model

SpectacularBongos avatar
SpectacularBongos
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

32 Questions

Why was the picture of atoms called the planetary model?

Because it depicted the electron as orbiting the nucleus like planets orbiting the sun.

What is the simplest atom according to the text?

Hydrogen

Why did Niels Bohr ignore classical electromagnetism's prediction regarding the orbiting electron in hydrogen?

To prevent the electron from spiraling into the nucleus.

What would happen if an electron were to move in an elliptical orbit according to classical electromagnetism?

It would continuously emit electromagnetic radiation.

How did Niels Bohr incorporate Planck's ideas and Einstein's finding into the classical mechanics description of the atom?

By considering light as consisting of photons with energy proportional to frequency.

Why is the classical mechanics description of the atom, as mentioned in the text, considered incomplete?

Because it does not account for continuous emission of electromagnetic radiation by an accelerating electron.

According to Bohr's model, when is a photon emitted or absorbed by an electron?

When the electron moves to a different orbit

What does the expression En = -k*n^2 represent in Bohr's model of the atom?

The quantized energy levels of an electron orbital

What happens to an atom when its electron moves to a higher energy orbit?

It is in an excited state

How does the energy expression differ for hydrogen-like atoms compared to hydrogen atoms?

The nuclear charge is different in hydrogen-like atoms

What is implied by the equation r = n^2Za0 for the circular orbits of hydrogen-like atoms?

Electrons are found at greater distances from the nucleus as n increases

Why did Bohr's model get taken seriously despite its many assumptions?

Because it agreed excellently with experimental results for the Rydberg constant

What does the ionization limit represent when n ⟶ ∞ and r ⟶ ∞?

The electron is completely removed from the nucleus

Why was Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom considered flawed?

It was based on classical mechanics notions of precise orbits

What does the energy difference between two states indicate during an electron transition?

A photon is absorbed

In Bohr's model, what is used to describe the quantized energies of electrons in an atom?

Quantum numbers with specific allowed values

What does the calculated energy of an electron in a hydrogen atom at n = 3 represent?

Excitation to a higher energy level

What happened when Bohr tried to extend his theory to the next simplest atom, helium (He)?

He encountered difficulties due to interactions between electrons

What does the wavelength of a photon during an electron transition indicate?

Its energy

How did physicists at the time perceive classical theories after resolving paradoxes involving Planck's constant?

They were fundamentally flawed for atoms and molecules

What is the significance of the ionization limit when n tends to infinity and the orbit radius tends to infinity?

It corresponds to the energy where the electron is completely removed from the nucleus.

Why was Bohr's model considered flawed according to the text?

It was based on classical mechanics concepts which were later found to be untenable at the microscopic level.

In Bohr's model, what does a negative energy value for an electron indicate?

The electron is in a stable orbit.

What was the major limitation of Bohr's model in extending it to atoms with more than one electron?

It did not consider electron-electron interactions.

How did early researchers calculate the energy of an electron at a specific distance from the nucleus in a hydrogen atom?

By using classical mechanics principles.

What does a positive energy difference between two states indicate during an electron transition?

Energy is absorbed as a photon.

Why did classical mechanics concepts fail to extend into the microscopic domain according to most physicists at that time?

They could not properly account for phenomena at the atomic scale.

What is the calculated energy, in joules, of an electron in a hydrogen atom when it is promoted to an orbit with n = 3?

-2.421 × 10^-19 J

What is the energy, in joules, and the wavelength, in meters, of the photon produced when an electron falls from the n = 4 to the n = 6 level in a hydrogen atom?

Energy: 7.566 × 10^-20 J; Wavelength: 2.626 × 10^-6 m

What is the energy, in joules, and the wavelength, in meters, of the photon produced when an electron falls from the n = 5 to the n = 3 level in a He+ ion (Z = 2 for He+)?

Energy: 6.198 × 10^-19 J; Wavelength: 3.205 × 10^-7 m

Why was Bohr unable to extend his model to the next simplest atom, helium (He), which only has two electrons?

Bohr's model was based on the flawed concept of precise orbits from classical mechanics, which did not hold true in the microscopic domain of atoms with more than one electron.

What does the ionization limit represent when n tends to infinity and the orbit radius tends to infinity?

The ionization limit corresponds to an energy of 0, indicating that the electron is completely removed from the nucleus.

Test your knowledge on atomic structure, Rutherford's model of the atom, and the planetary model which depicts electrons orbiting the nucleus. This quiz covers concepts related to the simplest atom, hydrogen, and its nucleus consisting of a single proton.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Atomic Physics and the Bohr Model Quiz
15 questions
Rutherford Model of Atom
8 questions

Rutherford Model of Atom

MasterfulOganesson1091 avatar
MasterfulOganesson1091
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser