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Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis Overview

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10 Questions

Which of the following statements about aortic valve stenosis is incorrect?

Patients with mechanical valves do not need to take anticoagulants like warfarin.

In Tetralogy of Fallot, which of the following defects directly contributes to the right-to-left shunting of blood through the ventricular septal defect (VSD)?

All of the above contribute to the right-to-left shunt

Which of the following statements about hypertension (high blood pressure) is incorrect?

Women have a higher prevalence of hypertension than men at all ages.

What is the primary treatment approach for hypertension?

Lifestyle changes, such as a low-salt diet, weight reduction, and exercise

Which of the following statements about the classification of hypertension is correct?

Malignant or resistant hypertension is characterized by extremely high blood pressure.

In Tetralogy of Fallot, which of the following defects directly contributes to the cyanosis (bluish discoloration) observed in affected infants?

The right-to-left shunting of unoxygenated blood into the systemic circulation

Which of the following statements about the surgical treatment of Tetralogy of Fallot is incorrect?

It typically involves closing the ventricular septal defect (VSD).

Which of the following statements about aortic valve stenosis is correct?

Minimally invasive aortic valve surgery with smaller incisions is now possible in many cases.

Which of the following statements about the signs and symptoms of hypertension is correct?

Hypertension is often called the 'silent killer' due to its insidious onset and mild early signs.

Which of the following statements about the classification of hypertension is incorrect?

Malignant or resistant hypertension is characterized by extremely low blood pressure.

Learn about the differences between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis refers to changes in small arteries and arterioles, leading to loss of elasticity, thickening, and narrowing of the lumen. Atherosclerosis involves the formation of atheromas in large arteries, such as the aorta and coronary arteries.

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