Art and Design: Balance and Symmetry
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Art and Design: Balance and Symmetry

Test your understanding of balance and symmetry in art and design, including symmetrical and asymmetrical balance, and radial balance. Learn how to create visual harmony in your compositions.

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@GentlestComplex

Questions and Answers

What is the primary function of the sense of smell in relation to design?

Triggers memory and evokes emotional response

What is the term for the physical dimensions of line, form, or space?

Size

What principle of design is concerned with the repetition of elements?

Rhythm

What type of balance is achieved when flowers are repeated on opposite sides of a floral arrangement?

<p>Symmetrical balance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the emotional response evoked by color?

<p>Emotional response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What principle of design is concerned with the creation of a sense of equilibrium?

<p>Balance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the arrangement where one side is the mirror image of the other?

<p>Symmetrical balance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of balance is achieved when unequal visual weight is placed on each side of a central vertical axis?

<p>Asymmetrical balance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the principles of design that deal with the comparative relationship in size, quantity, and degree of emphasis among components?

<p>Proportion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended ratio of vase to flowers in a floral arrangement according to the Greek golden section?

<p>3:5</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of balance is achieved when visual elements radiate from a central point, like the spokes of a wheel?

<p>Radial balance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the placement of design elements slightly off-center to create a balanced, formal shape?

<p>Near symmetrical</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of contrast in a composition?

<p>To call attention to certain elements by making them different from each other</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the three-dimensional arrangement of flowers, with larger and darker flowers at the bottom and smaller and lighter ones at the top?

<p>Depth</p> Signup and view all the answers

What principle of design involves the use of similar elements, such as color, to create a sense of unity?

<p>Repetition</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the sense of energy or tension created by the arrangement of visual elements?

<p>Tension</p> Signup and view all the answers

What principle of design involves the use of different elements, such as color or shape, to create a sense of diversity?

<p>Variation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the compatibility and pleasing arrangement of visual elements in a composition?

<p>Harmony</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Elements of Floral Design

  • Variegated markings and speckles are elements used to add visual interest
  • Fragrance is a sensory element that heightens awareness and increases sensory enjoyment, also triggers memory

Color

  • Most important design element in floral design
  • Optical sensation originating from the brain's perception of light energy reflected from a pigmented surface
  • Evokes an emotional response in the viewer

Principles of Floral Design

  • Fundamental guidelines governing the organization of elements and materials in accordance with the laws of nature
  • Primary principles include:
    • Balance
    • Proportion
    • Emphasis
    • Rhythm
    • Depth
    • Repetition
    • Transition
    • Contrast
    • Harmony
    • Unity

Balance

  • Sense of equilibrium and repose, a feeling of three-dimensional stability
  • Types of balance:
    • Symmetrical (formal balance)
    • Asymmetrical (informal balance)
    • Radial balance (radiates from a central point)

Proportion

  • Comparative relationship in size, quantity, and degree of emphasis among components within the composition
  • Design should be 1 ½ to 2 times the height or width of the container
  • Golden mean refers to the division of a line somewhere between ½ and 1/3 its length

Other Principles

  • Depth: three-dimensional arrangement, achieved through overlap or angle of flowers
  • Repetition: recurrence of like elements within a composition
  • Transition: ease of visual movement from gradual degrees of change among elements
  • Contrast: emphasis by means of difference
  • Opposition: contrast between elements that are counterpoint in relation to each other
  • Tension: implying or suggesting a sense of energy
  • Variation: dissimilarity among attributes or characteristics
  • Harmony: compatibility; a pleasing or congruent arrangement of parts

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