Architecture of Shinto Shrines in Japan

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20 Questions

What is a common material used in the construction of Shinto shrines?

Hinoki Cypress

What architectural styles influenced the design of Shinto shrines in Japan from the 8th century CE onwards?

Buddhism and Chinese styles

What technique is commonly used in constructing buildings within Shinto shrine complexes?

Post and lintel

Which feature is common to all Shinto shrine complexes?

Distinctive torii gateways

What was an essential consideration for ancient Japanese architects in creating Shinto shrines?

Balance and harmony with natural surroundings

What decorative element on the roof of a shrine indicates the sex of the shrine's deity?

Chigi

Which material is commonly used for thatched roofs in shrines?

Straw

What element is considered an assistance for the shrine's kami or spirit to descend to earth?

Shide

What feature extends beyond the building in a shrine and supports the eaves with ornate or plain brackets?

Verandas

What is the process known as where many shrines are regularly rebuilt and/or refurbished every 20 years or so?

Shikinen sengu

What is a common architectural feature of Shinto shrines built before the introduction of Buddhism and Chinese architectural styles in Japan?

Gently sloping gabled roofs

What material is typically used for construction in Shinto shrine buildings?

Hinoki Cypress

What technique is rarely used in constructing buildings within Shinto shrine complexes?

Steel beams

Where are wooden columns typically placed in the construction of Shinto shrine buildings?

Directly into the ground

What architectural consideration was always essential for ancient Japanese architects when creating Shinto shrines?

Balance with natural surroundings

What decorative feature on the roof of a shrine indicates the sex of the shrine's deity?

Chigi

What is a common material used for the protection of roofs in Shinto shrines?

Cedar shale

Which architectural design element in Shinto shrines looks like a letter A rising upwards from the roof above the entrance?

Chidorihafu

What are the cylinders placed at a right angle along the roof ridge in early shrines that kept thatch in place called?

Katsuogi

What is the process called where many shrines are regularly rebuilt and/or refurbished every 20 years or so?

Shikinen sengu

Explore the architecture of Shinto shrines in Japan, from the simpler and less decorative earlier shrines to the more elaborate ones influenced by Buddhism and Chinese architectural styles. Learn about the common features found in Shinto shrine complexes.

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