Ancient Roman Government and History
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Ancient Roman Government and History

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What was the gradual outcome of the resolutions of the senate during the Roman Republic?

They acquired the force of law

What was the significance of the permanent senate in the Roman Republic?

It was the one stable body within the republic

How did the Roman judiciary function during the Republic?

It was independent from the executive and legislature, and judges were not professionals or jurists

What was the characteristic of Roman judges' decisions during the Republic?

<p>They were given verbally, and there was no binding force of precedent</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the Roman Republic's system of government and law influence modern legal systems?

<p>It laid the groundwork for the separation of powers and the importance of an independent judiciary</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary difference between the Roman monarchy and the Roman Republic in terms of executive power?

<p>In the Roman monarchy, the king had virtually unlimited power, whereas in the Roman Republic, the consuls had limited power and could veto each other's decisions.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the removal of the king impact the distribution of powers in the Roman Republic?

<p>The functions of the king were placed in different hands, resulting in the separation of powers.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the expansion of Rome influence the development of the Roman legal system during the Republic?

<p>The expansion of Rome led to the creation of more magistrates with specific functions, resulting in a division of labor and increased specialization in the executive.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the role of the two consuls in the Roman Republic's executive power?

<p>They exercised all the executive functions, including commanding the army, administration of justice, and administration of the state.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the expansion of the Roman Republic impact the number of magistrates and their roles?

<p>As the state expanded, more magistrates were created to perform the increasing number of executive functions, with each magistrate exercising power in relation to their specific function.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role did the patricians play in the Roman monarchy, and how did their influence change during the Republic?

<p>In the Roman monarchy, the patricians advised and supported the king, while in the Roman Republic, they were part of the ruling elite that chose the consuls.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the significance of the limited term and liability of consuls in the Roman Republic?

<p>The limited term and liability of consuls ensured that they were accountable for their actions and could not abuse their power.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the relationship between the popular assembly and the magistrates in the Roman Republic?

<p>The magistrates were elected by the popular assembly.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the Roman Republic's system of checks and balances influence the development of modern legal systems?

<p>The Roman Republic's system of checks and balances, including the division of power and the ability of consuls to veto each other's decisions, has had a lasting impact on the development of modern legal systems.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What 18th-century development had a significant impact on the Roman Republic's constitutional structure?

<p>The theory of the separation of powers was developed.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary function of the senate in the Roman monarchy, and how did its role change during the Republic?

<p>In the Roman monarchy, the senate advised and supported the king, while in the Roman Republic, it was a body of ruling elite that chose the consuls.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the role of the king in the original Roman system, and how did this change with the establishment of the Republic?

<p>The king was the law-giver, the executor of the law, and the judge, but these functions were placed in different hands with the removal of the king.</p> Signup and view all the answers

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