Ancient Mesoamerican Civilizations and Spanish Colonization

SmootherBowenite3151 avatar
SmootherBowenite3151
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

12 Questions

What was the consequence of Fidel Castro's decision to ally with the U.S.S.R. in terms of U.S. policy towards Cuba?

The U.S. implemented an embargo on Cuba.

What was the significance of monks in medieval European society, particularly in terms of recording history?

Monks recorded history during the Middle Ages, preserving knowledge for future generations.

How did the Crusades originate, and what was the ultimate outcome of the conflict?

The Crusades began with European knights fighting against Muslims; the conflict ultimately ended with a settlement between Richard and Salahuddin.

What was the primary cause of the Black Death pandemic, and how did city officials attempt to contain its spread?

The Black Death was caused by fleas carrying the Bubonic Plague; city officials quarantined ships and closed restaurants to slow its spread.

What was the significance of guilds in medieval European society, particularly in terms of craftsmanship and trade?

Guilds provided a system for passing on crafts and trade skills from one generation to the next, establishing rules for fairness among members.

How did the invention of the printing press impact the production and dissemination of written materials during the Middle Ages?

Before the printing press, most books were written in Latin, but its invention made mass production of books possible.

What were the primary goals of the Spanish conquistadors during their colonization of Central America?

conquering land, stealing gold, and converting natives to Christianity

What was the social hierarchy established by the Spanish in Mexico, and what were the consequences for the native populations?

The social hierarchy was: Spanish immigrants at the top, people born from Spanish immigrants in Mexico in the middle, and natives as slaves. This led to the natives being treated terribly.

What were the main causes of the Mexican Revolt, and what were the consequences of this event?

The main causes were: weakened government, unfair social structure, and taxes. The consequences included Mexico losing ⅓ of its territory to the U.S.

What was the significance of the Florentine Codex, and what does it reveal about the Spanish colonization of Central America?

The Florentine Codex is a book that tells the stories of Spanish Colonization in Central America, revealing the violence and exploitation of native populations.

How did the Spanish colonization of the Caribbean affect the native populations, and what were the consequences of this colonization?

The Spanish colonization of the Caribbean led to the enslavement and killing of natives, with the Spanish targeting larger islands for their precious metals and farming space.

What were the consequences of the U.S. claiming war against Spain, and how did this impact Cuba's independence?

The U.S. claimed war against Spain, won, and gave Cuba independence, but kept it under their control. This led to Fidel Castro's rise as a Cuban dictator against the U.S.

Study Notes

Spanish Colonization

  • The conquistadors were Spanish soldiers who conquered land, stole gold, and converted natives to Christianity for Spain.
  • Hernan Cortez destroyed the Aztec Civilization and murdered their leader, Monctezuma.
  • The Spanish Social structure placed people from Spain at the top, those born in Mexico in the middle, and natives as slaves.
  • The Spanish treated natives terribly.
  • The Florentine Codex is a book that tells the stories of Spanish Colonization in Central America.

Mexican Revolt

  • Weakened government, unfair social structure, and taxes were the causes of the Mexican Revolt.

Mexican Cession

  • After Mexico became independent from Spain, there was a power struggle between leaders, resulting in Mexico losing ⅓ of its territory to the U.S.

Caribbeans

  • Natives were hunter-gatherers who used canoes to get around.
  • Columbus colonized the land, enslaving and killing natives.
  • The Spanish targeted larger islands with more precious metals and larger farming space.

Cuba & Puerto Rico

  • Last Caribbean Spanish colonies where citizens revolted against colonization and slavery for years.
  • The U.S. claimed war against Spain after a U.S. navy ship was destroyed, and the U.S. won.
  • Cuba gained independence but remained under U.S. control.
  • Fidel Castro was a Cuban dictator against the U.S. who allied with the U.S.S.R., leading to a U.S. embargo on Cuba.

Economic Barriers in South America

  • Poor citizens can't afford to buy products, causing economic decline.
  • Poor individuals can't pay taxes used for infrastructure and improvements.
  • Poor areas have a low percentage of educated individuals.

Medieval European History

Middle Ages Life

  • Monasteries had scribes who copied manuscripts and made books.
  • Monks taught reading and writing and took care of their community.
  • Monks recorded history during the Middle Ages.

Daily Life

  • Royals and nobles had banquets to show their power.
  • Sumptuary laws determined nobles from peasants.
  • Hunting was a favored sport of the nobles played on the Baron's land.
  • Chess was introduced to Europe through Persia.
  • Secular music was mainly about love during the Middle Ages.

Art & Literature

  • Muslim artists made decorated tiles and rugs by hand.
  • The Notre Dame is a Gothic cathedral in France.
  • Byzantine and Romanesque art mainly focused on religion.
  • Gothic art was more realistic and brighter.
  • Illuminated manuscripts are illustrated manuscripts.
  • Most books were written in Latin before the invention of the printing press.

Guilds

  • Guilds provided work and craft to pass on to the next generation.
  • Bookbinders and masons are two examples of craft guilds.
  • Guilds had rules so all members have the same advantage.

Major Events

  • The Hundred Years' War lasted 116 years.
  • Edward the Black Prince was famous for his multiple victories for the British during the Hundred Years' War.
  • Gunpowder reached Europe in 1300 from China.
  • The longbow fired arrows farther than crossbows.
  • The Black Death was a pandemic that spread over a wide area.
  • Sailors had to quarantine for 40 days during the Black Plague.
  • Fleas carried the Bubonic Plague.
  • Lancing is when a doctor cuts into boils.
  • Two symptoms are boils and fever.
  • City officials tried to keep the plague from spreading by quarantining ships and shutting down restaurants.
  • It started in Europe through rats and fleas.
  • It took 300-400 years for population numbers to recover.

This quiz covers the history of Aztec, Olmec, and Maya civilizations, as well as the Spanish colonization of Mesoamerica, including the conquests of Hernan Cortez and the social hierarchy imposed by the Spanish.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

La Conquista de Guatemala
12 questions

La Conquista de Guatemala

LucrativePalladium avatar
LucrativePalladium
Mesoamerican World Before Spanish Arrival
10 questions
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser