Ancient Indian Science and Technology

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12 Questions

What is the approximate duration of India's recorded history of scientific culture?

5000 years

What is the distinguishing feature of the Delhi Iron Pillar?

It has remained rustless for over 500 years

What is the significance of the Cotton Gin in the history of science and technology?

It was the first geared machine that led to the industrial revolution

What is the name of the ancient written script developed by ancient Indians?

Indus Script

When did ancient Indians discover the concept of zero and the decimal place value number system?

500 AD

What is the metallurgical process that ancient Indians mastered to produce zinc on an industrial scale?


What is the name of the script developed by Indians around 2500 BC?

Indus Script

Which civilization is known for its systematic town planning?

Harappan Civilization

What was the main contribution of Harappans in the field of textiles?

They established the Cotton Empire

What is the concept that was studied in ancient India, which is related to the conservation of matter?


What is the name of the ancient Indian mathematician who used big numbers to express revolutions of the earth?


What is the name of the concept that was conceived as the property responsible for a bow or a branch of a tree to undergo contraction or expansion?


Study Notes

Indus Valley Civilization

  • Developed one of the earliest written scripts, the Indus Scripts, around 2500 BC
  • Built urban towns with residential complexes and wastewater systems around 2500 BC
  • Exhibited systematic town planning, with models collected during excavation
  • Showcased technological traditions in ceramics, pottery, refined personal ornaments, metallurgy, steatite, agate, and shell ornaments
  • Demonstrated expertise in shell bangle making

Scientific Contributions

  • Conceptualized the idea of conservation of matter long back in India
  • Identified five subtle infra atomic particles named as tanmatras, signifying corresponding energy potentials
  • Recognized the five basic elements: sabdha, sparsha, rupa, rasa, and gandha tanmatras
  • Studied the atomic structure of four basic elements: vayu, tejas, ap, and ksiti around 4th century BC
  • Conceived gravity as a cause of the act of falling around 5th century BC
  • Understood elasticity as a property responsible for contraction or expansion
  • Identified viscosity as the cause of cohesion and smoothness

Mathematical Contributions

  • Invented the concept of zero around 2000 years ago
  • Utilized big numbers in decimal system, with Aryabhata using them to express revolutions of the earth
  • Developed the decimal place value system

Other Contributions

  • Produced the Delhi Iron Pillar, which has remained rustless for over 500 years
  • Invented the Cotton Gin, a precursor to all geared machines, leading to the industrial revolution
  • Smelted zinc on an industrial scale, requiring precise metallurgical knowledge
  • Created enduring architectural constructs that have become eternal world heritages

Discover the rich contributions of ancient India in science and technology, from the development of written scripts to the construction of urban towns and innovative architectural feats. Learn about the achievements of ancient Indians in this fascinating quiz.

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