Anatomy: Vertebral Column, Ribs, and Thoracic Cage
63 Questions
0 Views
3.4 Stars

Anatomy: Vertebral Column, Ribs, and Thoracic Cage

Test your knowledge on the anatomy of the vertebral column, rib cage, and thoracic cage. Learn about the structure and functions of these important parts of the human body.

Created by
@SufficientEpic

Questions and Answers

What type of tissue is bone?

Connective tissue

What are osteocytes?

Mature bone cells

What is the name of the compound that forms the bone matrix?

Hydroxyapatite [Ca5(PO4)3(OH)]

What are osteons in bone structure?

<p>Concentric layers of mineralized matrix deposited around a central canal</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do osteoclasts do in the bone?

<p>Release acid to dissolve collagen and mineral coating</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of spongy bone?

<p>Provide support and structure</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of the thoracic cage?

<p>To protect the heart and lungs</p> Signup and view all the answers

How are ribs 1-7 classified?

<p>True ribs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the composition of the discs that cushion the vertebral column?

<p>Fibrocartilage</p> Signup and view all the answers

How are ribs 8-12 different from ribs 1-7 in terms of attachment to the sternum?

<p>They attach indirectly to the sternum through another rib's cartilage</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the spine's 'S'-shaped curvature?

<p>To distribute body weight evenly</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of the human skeleton?

<p>To support the body</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why do some bones in the human skeleton fuse together as the body develops?

<p>To reduce the total number of bones</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which part of the human skeleton protects the brain from nontraumatic injury?

<p>Skull (cranium)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of trabecular bone in the human skeletal system?

<p>To create lightweight bones</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does the human skeleton contribute to movement?

<p>By allowing movement through joints</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which component of the human skeleton is described as the main support center for the upper body?

<p>Backbone</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of joint allows for radial movement in almost any direction?

<p>Ball and socket joint</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes a floating rib from other ribs?

<p>It does not have costal cartilage attached to it</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of bone fracture occurs when the bone does not protrude through the skin?

<p>Simple fracture</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where would you find a saddle joint in the human body?

<p>Thumb</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of joint allows bones to slide past each other?

<p>Gliding joint</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which type of bone fracture does the bone break in several spots?

<p>Comminuted fracture</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which bone disease is characterized by porous, brittle bones prone to fractures?

<p>Osteoporosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which bone in the human skeleton is correctly paired with a short bone shape?

<p>Sternum</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which bone in the human skeleton is incorrectly paired with its shape?

<p>Mandible</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which bone is NOT part of the appendicular skeleton?

<p>Sternum</p> Signup and view all the answers

How many metacarpals are typically found in the human hand?

<p>5</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which bone in the human skeleton is correctly paired with an irregular bone shape?

<p>Skull (cranium)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Osteoblasts are mature bone cells responsible for dissolving collagen and mineral coating.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The combination of hard mineral and flexible collagen makes bone less brittle than cartilage.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Spongy bone is also known as cortical bone.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Each osteon has concentric layers of mineralized matrix deposited around a central canal.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Osteocytes are immature bone cells that deposit a matrix of collagen.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Osteoclasts release an acid to dissolve collagen and mineral coating in bones to lower calcium levels in the blood.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Trabecular bone is responsible for the lightweight nature of bones.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The human skeleton is composed of bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and blood vessels.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Newborn humans have 305 bones in their skeleton.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The backbone is the main support center for the lower body.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The vertebral column protects the heart and lungs.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

All joints between bones allow the same range of movement.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Ribs 11 and 12 are known as fixed ribs due to the presence of costal cartilage attached to them.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

A ball and socket joint allows for radial movement in almost any direction and can be found in elbows and knees.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

In a gliding joint, bones slide past each other, and this type of joint is found at the end of clavicles.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

A saddle joint occurs when two bones have only convex regions touching, limiting the range of movement.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

In a complete bone fracture, the bone partly fractures on one side but does not break completely.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Greenstick fractures are more common in adults due to their stronger and less elastic bones.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder where bones become dense and resistant to fractures.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Arthritis is a condition characterized by joint inflammation.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Scoliosis results in a longitudinal curvature of the spine.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The sternum is correctly paired with the classification of an irregular bone.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The femur is part of the appendicular skeleton.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Clavicle is correctly classified as part of the appendicular skeleton.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The human skeleton is divided into three divisions: cranium, vertebral column, and sternum.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Hematopoiesis, the formation of blood cells, occurs in the yellow bone marrow.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The largest bone of the human body is the humerus.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Vertebral Column consists of 33 vertebrae separated by intervertebral discs.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The diaphysis is composed mostly of spongy bone.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The axial skeleton consists of 80 bones in total.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Cartilage is eventually replaced by solid bone in adults, except in joints.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The periosteum forms the outside covering of the epiphysis.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Flat bones are significantly longer than they are wide.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The fibrocartilage type of cartilage is found in costal cartilage within the rib cage.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser