Agriculture: Grasses and Legumes
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Agriculture: Grasses and Legumes

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@SweetNeodymium

Questions and Answers

What is the purpose of adding antibiotics to animal feed?

To promote growth and prevent disease

What is the role of ionophores in beef cattle feed?

To reduce methane and improve rumen fermentation efficiency

What is the function of the main stomach in carnivorous marine mammals?

Production of HCl and pepsin

What is the purpose of the American Feed Control Officials?

<p>To regulate feed additives and ensure human food safety</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of probiotics in animal feed?

<p>To outcompete disease-causing bacteria</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of MGA (melengestrol acetate) in beef heifers?

<p>To inhibit estrus and increase growth rate</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of cellulose in an animal's diet?

<p>Structure</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the breakdown of glucose to make ATP?

<p>Glycolysis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of creep feeding in newborn sheep?

<p>To provide carbohydrates</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the movement of water from high to low concentration across a membrane?

<p>Osmosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary cause of acidosis in dairy cows?

<p>Feed that is too high in rapidly fermentable carbohydrates</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the ratio of energy from protein to energy from fats and carbohydrates?

<p>PE ratio</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of the enzyme phytase in the Enviropig?

<p>Breakdown of phytate</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the process of making new glucose from non-carbohydrate sources in the liver?

<p>Gluconeogenesis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of the omasum in the ruminant digestive system?

<p>Storage of food</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the process of breakdown of food in the rumen?

<p>Fermentation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary difference between warm season and cool season grasses?

<p>Warm season grasses grow in higher temperatures</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the optimal time to harvest legumes?

<p>Between the boot and heading stage</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of parathyroid hormone in calcium homeostasis?

<p>Increases blood calcium levels</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the effect of phosphorus deficiency in animals?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of selenium in animals?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the difference between gross energy and digestible energy?

<p>Gross energy is the total chemical energy, while digestible energy is the energy digested and absorbed</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of copper in animals?

<p>Fe absorption, storage, and metabolism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the effect of overfeeding phosphorus in monogastric diets?

<p>Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the difference between metabolizable energy and net energy?

<p>Metabolizable energy is the energy available for metabolism, while net energy is the energy available for growth and production</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the effect of calcium deficiency on animal health?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

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