Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Treatment Plans

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30 Questions

Psychosocial stressors and interpersonal events appear to trigger certain physiologic and chemical changes in the ______,

brain

For the purpose of Medical Diagnosis, Bipolar Disorders are described as: ______ I DISORDER – one or more manic or mixed episodes usually accompanied by major depressive episodes.

BIPOLAR

MANIA = is a distinct period during which mood is abnormally and persistently ______, expansive or irritable.

elevated

A major depressive episode lasts at least 2 ______ during which the person experiences a depressed mood or loss of pleasure in all activities.

weeks

At least three of the following symptoms accompanied the manic episode, including ______ self esteem or grandiosity.

inflated

In addition, 4 of the following symptoms are present, including ______ of thinking, concentrating or making decisions.

difficulty

A common opportunistic disease in clients with CD4 count below ______ is PCP.

200

The client should be ______ and free of purulent drainage or secretions and other signs of infectious conditions.

afebrile

The nurse should screen visitors and staff for signs of ______ and maintain isolation precautions as indicated.

infection

The client should wash hands ______ and after all care contacts.

before

The nurse should assess the client's respiratory rate and ______ and note dry spasmodic cough on deep inspiration.

depth

The nurse should examine the client's skin and oral ______ membranes for white patches or lesions.

mucous

Atherosclerosis is the process of buildup of fatty substances, ______, and other substances in the inner lining of an artery.

cholesterol

The blockage in a cerebral artery may result from ______ within a cerebral artery or embolism originating from elsewhere in the body.

thrombosis

The obstruction of blood flow in a cerebral artery leads to ______ of blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the brain.

insufficient

The mitochondria switches to ______ respiration when oxygen is not available.

anaerobic

The combination of energy failure, excitotoxicity, and inflammation increases ______ and volume of infarcted brain tissue.

inflammation

The decreased production of ______ leads to energy failure in the brain cells.

ATP

The breath has a characteristic ______ odor due to the presence of ketoacids.

fruity

DKA can develop in less than ______ hours, and its primary trigger is an insufficient or absent level of circulating insulin.

24

The pathogenesis of DKA can be categorized into three main components: ______ volume deficit, electrolyte imbalance, and acid-base imbalance.

fluid

The ketosis and acidosis of DKA lead to ______ symptoms, such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

gastrointestinal

Patients with marked intravascular ______ depletion may have orthostatic hypotension.

volume

The insulin deficiency leads to increased ______ acid metabolism, heightened liver gluconeogenesis.

fatty

Treatment plans are personalized based on genetic markers and patient-specific risk factors, primarily ______.

age

Treatment phases include induction, consolidation, and ______.

maintenance

______ chromosome-positive ALL can be treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Philadelphia

Corticosteroids and ______ alkaloids are key components of initial induction therapy.

vinca

Allogeneic ______ hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be considered for high-risk patients.

hematopoietic

Monitor the patient's vital signs every 2 to 4 hours, and a temperature over 101°F (38.3°C) accompanied by a decreased ______ count calls for prompt antibiotic therapy.

WBC

Learn about the personalized treatment plans for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), including induction, consolidation, and maintenance phases. Discover how genetic markers, patient-specific risk factors, and central nervous system involvement influence treatment protocols.

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