Acute Burn Management Lecture

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15 Questions

What is the definition of a burn injury?

Damage or destruction of skin and/or its content by thermal, chemical, electrical, or radiation energies

What is the most common cause of burns?

Flame

What percentage of burn injuries are caused by electrical sources?

5%

Which zone of injury is the nearest to the heat source and is the primary injury?

Zone of coagulation (ischemia)

Which of the following is a requirement for ventilation?

Intact nervous system

What is the total number of thermal injuries per year?

2-3 million

Which component of the respiratory system is involved in hypoxemic respiratory failure?

Alveoli

What is the definition of respiratory failure?

Inability of the lungs to meet the metabolic demands of the body

What are the clinical conditions indicative of hypercapnic respiratory failure?

PaO2 < 60 mmHg and PaCO2 > 50 mmHg

Which component of the essential respiratory components is responsible for gas exchange in the alveoli?

Alveoli

In the context of respiratory failure, which clinical condition is indicative of hypercapnic respiratory failure?

PaCO2 > 50 mmHg

Which component of the respiratory system is primarily responsible for gas exchange in the alveoli?

Bronchial tree

What is the main purpose of the medulla in the context of respiratory failure?

Control of respiratory muscles

Which clinical condition indicates hypoxemic respiratory failure?

PaO2 < 60 mmHg

What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system (phrenic nerve) in the respiratory system?

Contraction of respiratory muscles

Learn about the causes, pathogenesis, evaluation, referral, management, monitoring, wound care, prognosis, and complications of acute burn injuries in this lecture overview.

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