Abnormal Psychology: 4D's of Abnormality
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Abnormal Psychology: 4D's of Abnormality

Explore the concept of abnormality in psychology and the 4D's (Deviance, Danger, Dysfunction, and Distress) framework. This quiz delves into the historical perspectives and changing views on abnormal behavior, including cultural values and psychological dysfunction.

Created by
@GenuineMookaite

Questions and Answers

What are the 4 D's of abnormality?

Danger, dysfunction, distress, deviance

Which historical views are associated with abnormality?

Demons, gods, magic, bodily fluids

Who is known for the cultural relativism view?

Dorothea Dix

Which individuals are associated with historical views on abnormality?

<p>Philippe Pinel, Eli Todd, Dorothea Dix</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the view that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are relative to the individual within his own social context?

<p>Cultural relativism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which culture-bound syndrome is characterized by brooding followed by an outburst of violent, aggressive, or homicidal behavior, and is associated with Malaysia?

<p>Amok</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which defense mechanism involves quitting school to avoid speaking in public?

<p>Avoidance</p> Signup and view all the answers

When someone didn’t get accepted to medical school and became a pharmacist instead, which defense mechanism is being utilized?

<p>Compensation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What defense mechanism is seen when a person who was abused as a child struggles to trust others and form relationships without remembering the abuse?

<p>Repression</p> Signup and view all the answers

When a person does not believe they have a drinking problem despite confrontation from friends, which defense mechanism is at play?

<p>Denial</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which defense mechanism is evident when someone yells at their children after having an argument with their boss?

<p>Displacement</p> Signup and view all the answers

After being diagnosed with cancer, what defense mechanism involves learning everything possible about the illness?

<p>Intellectualization</p> Signup and view all the answers

When someone blames their job loss on co-workers, which defense mechanism is being used?

<p>Rationalization</p> Signup and view all the answers

What Culture Bound Syndrome is associated with reporting suffering from premature ejaculation or impotence and believing that one is passing semen in urine, particularly in India?

<p>Dhat</p> Signup and view all the answers

What DSM-5 specifier indicates that the criteria for a diagnosis are not fully met, suggesting "current (or provisional)" diagnosis?

<p>In Partial Remission</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Abnormality

  • The 4 D's of abnormality are Deviation, Dysfunction, Distress, and Danger.
  • Historical views associated with abnormality include Demonology, Medical Model, and Asylum Era.

Historical Views on Abnormality

  • Individuals associated with historical views on abnormality include:
    • Hippocrates (Medical Model)
    • Philippe Pinel (Asylum Era)
    • Sigmund Freud (Psychoanalytic Theory)

Cultural Relativism

  • The cultural relativism view is associated with Ruth Benedict, who argued that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are relative to the individual within their own social context.
  • Cultural relativism is the term used to describe this view.

Culture-Bound Syndromes

  • Amok is a culture-bound syndrome characterized by brooding followed by an outburst of violent, aggressive, or homicidal behavior, and is associated with Malaysia.
  • Dhat Syndrome is a culture-bound syndrome associated with reporting suffering from premature ejaculation or impotence and believing that one is passing semen in urine, particularly in India.

Defense Mechanisms

  • Avoidance involves quitting school to avoid speaking in public.
  • Displacement involves yelling at children after having an argument with a boss.
  • Denial involves not believing one has a drinking problem despite confrontation from friends.
  • Rationalization involves blaming job loss on co-workers.
  • Intellectualization involves learning everything possible about an illness after being diagnosed, such as cancer.
  • Repression involves struggling to trust others and form relationships without remembering childhood abuse.

DSM-5

  • The Other Specified or Unspecified specifier indicates that the criteria for a diagnosis are not fully met, suggesting a "current (or provisional)" diagnosis.

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