How to find the sum of a Taylor series?
Understand the Problem
The question is asking for the method or process to determine the sum of a Taylor series, which is a mathematical concept used to represent functions as infinite sums of their derivatives at a single point.
Answer
The Taylor series for a function \( f(x) \) around the point \( a \) is expressed as: $$ f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!} (xa)^n $$
Answer for screen readers
The Taylor series for a function ( f(x) ) around the point ( a ) is expressed as: $$ f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!} (xa)^n $$
Steps to Solve

Identify the function to expand Determine the function ( f(x) ) that you want to express as a Taylor series.

Choose the point of expansion Select the point ( a ) around which you will expand the function. This is usually a point where the function is easy to evaluate, often ( a = 0 ) (Maclaurin series) or another point.

Find the derivatives of the function Calculate the first few derivatives of ( f(x) ) evaluated at the point ( a ). For example: $$ f'(a), f''(a), f'''(a), \text{ etc.} $$

Formulate the Taylor series The Taylor series for ( f(x) ) around the point ( a ) is given by the formula: $$ f(x) = f(a) + f'(a)\frac{(xa)}{1!} + f''(a)\frac{(xa)^2}{2!} + f'''(a)\frac{(xa)^3}{3!} + \ldots $$

Sum the series To find the sum of the series, add up enough terms until you see a pattern or reach the desired accuracy. Ask if the series converges for values of ( x ) around ( a ).

Express the final result Write down the summed Taylor series, and if applicable, identify its radius of convergence.
The Taylor series for a function ( f(x) ) around the point ( a ) is expressed as: $$ f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!} (xa)^n $$
More Information
The Taylor series allows complex functions to be expressed as infinite sums, which can significantly simplify calculations and provide approximate values for functions in calculus and numerical analysis. Taylor series can converge to function values within a certain range defined by the series' radius of convergence.
Tips
 Not calculating enough derivatives: Ensure you compute enough derivatives to see the pattern or accurately estimate the sum.
 Confusing points of expansion: Be careful to use the correct ( a ) value for the Taylor series, as it affects the terms significantly.
 Assuming convergence everywhere: The Taylor series may not converge for all ( x ); be sure to check the radius of convergence.