Windows Domains and Active Directory Quiz
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Windows Domains and Active Directory Quiz

Test your knowledge of Windows Domains and Active Directory with this quiz. Learn about the differences between local accounts and domain accounts, and how they impact user access across computers in a workgroup environment.

Created by
@LucrativeMagenta

Questions and Answers

What is a member server in the context of Active Directory?

A server joined to the domain that does not maintain a copy of the Active Directory database

Which protocol does Active Directory use for single sign-on authentication and authorization for compatible applications and services?

Kerberos

How are permissions assigned to user accounts in a domain?

By giving membership of a security group

Where are accounts and security groups in a domain configured?

<p>In the Active Directory database stored on a Domain Controller</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of an Organizational Unit (OU) in Active Directory?

<p>To divide a domain into different administrative realms</p> Signup and view all the answers

How are permissions delegated in Active Directory for administrative purposes?

<p>By creating Organizational Units (OUs)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of server provides file and print and application server services in Active Directory?

<p>Member Server</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does a domain use security groups to manage permissions?

<p>Assigning permissions more easily and robustly</p> Signup and view all the answers

In a workgroup environment, how are local accounts managed for a user needing access to multiple computers?

<p>A separate local account must be configured on each computer</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the responsibility of a Domain Controller (DC) in a Windows domain network?

<p>Provide an authentication service to users</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is the use of local accounts in a workgroup environment not scalable to large numbers of users?

<p>Password changes are not synchronized between machines</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of network model is characterized as centralized, robust, scalable, and secure?

<p>Windows domain network</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of a local account in a workgroup environment?

<p>Not synchronized password changes between machines</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of a Domain Controller (DC) in a Windows domain network?

<p>Stores a database of network information called Active Directory (AD)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why do most business and educational organizations prefer using Windows domain networks and accounts over local accounts?

<p>Scalability and centralized management</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who has the rights to create accounts in the domain and manage Domain Controllers?

<p>Domain Admins</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Active Directory Basics

  • A member server in Active Directory is a computer that is part of a domain but is not a Domain Controller (DC).

Authentication and Authorization

  • Active Directory uses Kerberos protocol for single sign-on authentication and authorization for compatible applications and services.

Permissions and Access Control

  • Permissions are assigned to user accounts in a domain using Access Control Lists (ACLs).
  • Accounts and security groups in a domain are configured in the Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS).

Organizational Units (OUs)

  • The purpose of an Organizational Unit (OU) in Active Directory is to organize and manage objects, such as users, computers, and groups, in a hierarchical structure.

Delegation of Permissions

  • Permissions are delegated in Active Directory for administrative purposes using Role-Based Access Control (RBAC).

Server Roles

  • A File Server provides file and print services, while an Application Server provides application services in Active Directory.

Security Groups

  • A domain uses security groups to manage permissions by grouping users and assigning permissions to the group.

Local Accounts and Workgroups

  • In a workgroup environment, local accounts are managed for a user needing access to multiple computers using separate user accounts on each computer.
  • Local accounts in a workgroup environment are not scalable to large numbers of users due to the administrative burden of managing multiple accounts.

Domain Controllers (DCs)

  • The responsibility of a Domain Controller (DC) in a Windows domain network is to authenticate and authorize users, as well as manage domain resources.
  • A Domain Controller (DC) is a server that stores a replica of the Active Directory database and provides authentication and authorization services.

Network Models

  • A Windows domain network is a type of network model that is characterized as centralized, robust, scalable, and secure.

Domain Administration

  • The Domain Administrator has the rights to create accounts in the domain and manage Domain Controllers.
  • Most business and educational organizations prefer using Windows domain networks and accounts over local accounts due to the benefits of centralized management, scalability, and security.

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