Vijayanagara Empire and Bahmani Sultanate Quiz

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12 Questions

Who founded the Bahmani Kingdom in 1347?

Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah

Where did Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah rule from?


What was the capital of the Deccan Sultanate before the emergence of the Bahmani Kingdom?


Which empire was known for its military strength and diplomatic skills?

Vijayanagara Empire

What is the most notable architectural legacy of the Vijayanagara Empire?

Vijayanagara capital city (Hampi)

Which religion did the Vijayanagara Empire actively support and spread?

Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist culture

Who were the founders of the Vijayanagara Empire?

Harihara I and Bukka Raya I

What was the capital city of the Vijayanagara Empire known as?


Which regions did the Vijayanagara Empire conquer during its early expansion?

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala

What was the significant geographical location of the Bahmani Sultanate?

Deccan Plateau

Which dynasty ruled over the regions where the Vijayanagara Empire emerged?

Kakatiya Empire

What drove the expansion of the Vijayanagara Empire during its formative years?

Military prowess and political astuteness

Study Notes


The history of India is a fascinating tapestry of kingdoms, empires, cultures, and religions that have shaped the country's identity over millennia. Two significant dynasties from this period are the Vijayanagara Empire and the Bahmani Sultanate, which emerged in different regions of Indian geography during the medieval era. This article will delve into the formative years of these two powerful realms, highlighting their rise, contributions, and impact on the broader historical landscape.

The Emergence of the Vijayanagar Kingdom

The Vijayanagara Empire came into existence around 1336 when Harihara I and Bukka Raya I, brothers who belonged to the Sangama Dynasty, founded it near modern-day Bangalore, Karnataka. Prior to its establishment, the region was ruled by various local chieftains and feudatories under the umbrella of the Kakatiya Empire. The Vijayanagara Empire owes its name to the city it was initially based in - Vijayanagara, also known as the City of Victory.

This newly formed empire experienced rapid growth under the leadership of its early rulers. The first few decades saw the conquest of territories across South India, including parts of modern-day Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala. The empire's expansion was driven by military prowess and political astuteness, with alliances being formed through marriage and diplomacy. The capital city of Vijayanagara became a symbol of the power and grandeur of the empire.

The Bahmani Kingdom's Establishment

The Bahmani Kingdom was founded in 1347 by Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah, who ruled from Gulbarga in modern-day Karnataka. The region from which the Bahmani Kingdom emerged was previously under the rule of the Deccan Sultanate, which had its capital at Daulatabad in Maharashtra. The Bahmani Kingdom was established after a power struggle within the Deccan Sultanate, which led to the faction loyal to Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah breaking away and establishing their own kingdom.

The early years of the Bahmani Kingdom saw the consolidation of territories and the establishment of a centralized administration. Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah was succeeded by his son, Muhammad Shah Bahmani, who ruled from 1358 to 1375. The empire experienced a period of relative stability and expansion under his rule.

Contributions of the Vijayanagar Kingdom

The Vijayanagara Empire is remembered for its significant contributions to Indian history. These include:

  1. Military and Diplomacy: The empire was renowned for its military strength and diplomatic skills, which allowed it to forge alliances with various regional powers and maintain a balance of power in the subcontinent.

  2. Religion: The Vijayanagara Empire was a hub of Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist culture. The empire's rulers were known to be generous patrons of temples, and they actively supported the spread of these religions.

  3. Art and Architecture: The empire's architectural legacy can be seen in the form of temples, forts, and monuments. The most notable example is the Vijayanagara capital city, which is now known as Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


The rise of the Vijayanagara Empire and the Bahmani Sultanate marked a significant period in Indian history. Both empires contributed to the cultural, political, and religious landscape of the subcontinent. Their histories are a testament to the complexities of medieval India and the power dynamics that shaped the region for centuries to come.

Test your knowledge on the historical significance, emergence, and contributions of the Vijayanagara Empire and Bahmani Sultanate in medieval Indian history. Explore topics such as the establishment of these powerful realms, their military prowess, cultural contributions, and impact on the subcontinent's landscape.

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