CH 4 SUM: Rural and Urban Settlements
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CH 4 SUM: Rural and Urban Settlements

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Questions and Answers

What factors influence the transition from rural to urban settlements?

Increase in population, infrastructure, economic activities, and geographic extent

Which settlement pattern reflects the adaptation of human populations to their environment?

Grid

What is a key characteristic of rural settlements according to their function?

Unifunctional, centered around primary activities

What is a site factor that influences rural settlements?

<p>Availability of water</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do situation factors relate to rural settlements?

<p>Settlement's location concerning surrounding features and geographical context</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are push factors related to rural depopulation?

<p>Natural disasters and lack of facilities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a consequence of rural depopulation for urban areas?

<p>Increased crime rates</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which strategy aims to address rural depopulation?

<p>Development of infrastructure like roads and transport facilities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an important social justice issue related to rural settlements?

<p>Land redistribution challenges</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main objective of land reform in rural areas?

<p>Offering land or monetary compensation for past injustices</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes the physical spread of urban areas into surrounding rural areas?

<p>Urban Expansion</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of town arises at natural passageways or barriers, serving as entry and exit points?

<p>Gateway/Gap Towns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the proportion of the total population living in urban areas called?

<p>Level of Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What function do Central Places serve in urban settlements?

<p>Provide goods and services to the surrounding hinterland</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes the uncontrolled expansion of urban areas into peripheral regions?

<p>Urban Sprawl</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary difference between rural and urban settlements?

<p>Population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor best describes the concept of 'situation' in settlement geography?

<p>Accessibility</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the distinguishing features of urban settlements?

<p>High population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of settlement is likely to have farmsteads and hamlets?

<p>Rural settlements</p> Signup and view all the answers

What aspect of a settlement does 'site' refer to?

<p>Topography</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor influences the layout and distribution of rural settlements?

<p>Social organization</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which type of rural settlement are individual farmhouses spread out over an area?

<p>Linear</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of farming aims at self-sufficiency by growing a variety of crops and rearing animals for family needs?

<p>Subsistence farming</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what type of rural settlement shape do houses develop at the intersection of major roads?

<p>Crossroad</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor significantly impacts the dynamics of rural areas, influencing demographic trends and economic development?

<p>Rural-urban migration</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the challenges faced by urban areas in South Africa due to rapid urbanization?

<p>Socio-economic disparities</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term refers to the deterioration of areas within cities and often leads to slums and degraded living conditions?

<p>Urban blight</p> Signup and view all the answers

What contributes to the growth of informal settlements and urban sprawl in South Africa?

<p>Search for better living conditions and employment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant consequence of overcrowding in urban areas experiencing rapid urbanization?

<p>Strain on infrastructure and services</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are informal settlements characterized by overcrowded housing and lack of basic services?

<p>Establishment without legal claims and urban planning regulations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do Commercial Zones in urban settlements typically consist of?

<p>Central Business Districts (CBDs)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor influences the variation in urban building heights and densities from the city center to the outskirts?

<p>Land value</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the Transition Zone in urban settlements?

<p>Aging infrastructure and buildings</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which urban model suggests that cities develop around multiple centers, each specializing in different functions?

<p>Multiple Nuclei Model</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does urban hierarchy refer to?

<p>The distribution of cities based on their role, function, and size influenced by the central place theory.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the Rural-Urban Fringe in urban areas?

<p>Mixed land-use and transitional characteristics</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of the threshold population in urban settlements?

<p>It influences the presence and type of services within a settlement by ensuring its viability and profitability.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes low-order goods and services from high-order ones in urban centers?

<p>Low-order goods have a limited range and smaller sphere of influence compared to high-order goods.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do Trade and Transport Towns develop at strategic locations facilitate?

<p>Break-of-bulk points, junctions, or gaps for facilitating trade and transportation.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is understanding urban hierarchies crucial for policymakers and planners?

<p>To better manage urban growth, address challenges, and enhance the livability of urban areas.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the term 'situation' refer to in settlement geography?

<p>The location of a settlement in relation to surrounding features</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which settlement type is characterized by lower population density and a predominantly agricultural landscape?

<p>Farmsteads</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary factor that distinguishes urban settlements from rural settlements?

<p>Population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term describes the expansion of urban areas into surrounding rural regions?

<p>Urban sprawl</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between urban and rural settlements' economic activities?

<p>Types of economic activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What influences the layout and distribution of rural settlements?

<p>Historical land division and social organization</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of rural settlement is likely to develop along roads, rivers, or valley floors?

<p>Linear settlement</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of farming aims at maximizing yield through significant labor and capital investment?

<p>Intensive farming</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary objective of studying rural settlements according to the text?

<p>To understand human-environment interaction</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant consequence of rural-urban migration on rural areas?

<p>Influence on demographic trends</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key difference between rural and urban settlements according to their functions?

<p>Rural settlements are unifunctional, while urban settlements are multifunctional.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are push factors related to rural depopulation?

<p>Limited employment opportunities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a consequence of rural depopulation for urban areas?

<p>Overburdened public services</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key issue in social justice in rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Access to resources and fair treatment in land distribution and use</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which strategy aims to address rural depopulation according to the text?

<p>Development of infrastructure like roads and transport facilities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant consequence of overcrowding in urban areas experiencing rapid urbanization?

<p>Environmental degradation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main catalyst that accelerated urban growth and expanded urban landscapes beyond traditional boundaries?

<p>The industrial revolution</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does urbanization refer to?

<p>Increasing proportion of a country's population living in urban areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does 'situation' refer to in the context of urban settlements?

<p>Location concerning other settlements, resources, and transport routes</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term describes the uncontrolled expansion of urban areas into peripheral regions?

<p>Urban Sprawl</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of urban settlements, what do Central Places typically serve as?

<p>Service providers to the surrounding hinterland</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of understanding urban hierarchies and central place theory?

<p>To analyze the distribution and size of cities in a region</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does 'sphere of influence' refer to in urban settlement analysis?

<p>The area from which a settlement attracts its customers</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do low-order goods differ from high-order goods in urban centers?

<p>Low-order goods are needed less frequently</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main concept behind the threshold population in urban settlements?

<p>It ensures the viability and profitability of a service</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of towns provide essential services to surrounding rural areas according to urban classification?

<p>Central Places</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factors influence the shape of urban settlements?

<p>Geographical, historical, socio-economic, and political factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which zone in urban settlements is characterized by aging infrastructure and buildings?

<p>Commercial Zones</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes the Multiple Nuclei Model of urban structure?

<p>Specialized functions in different zones</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where are Industrial Zones typically located in urban areas?

<p>On city outskirts or designated areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the influencing factors on urban profiles in cities?

<p>Land value, zoning regulations, and natural topography</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common consequence of traffic congestion in urban areas experiencing rapid urbanization?

<p>Increased air pollution and reduced quality of life</p> Signup and view all the answers

What contributes significantly to the formation of informal settlements and urban sprawl in South Africa?

<p>Influx of people searching for employment and better living conditions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key challenge related to housing shortages in urban areas undergoing rapid urbanization?

<p>Lack of planning leading to inadequate housing provision</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant factor contributing to the deterioration of urban areas, resulting in slums and degraded living conditions?

<p>Urban blight stemming from lack of maintenance and investment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common impact of overcrowding in urban areas experiencing rapid urbanization?

<p>Strain on infrastructure and services due to rapid population influx</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do rural settlements typically center around?

<p>Agricultural activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor is NOT considered a 'site factor' influencing rural settlements?

<p>Cultural and historical significance</p> Signup and view all the answers

In urban settlements, what does 'situation' primarily refer to?

<p>Transportation links and access to resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a critical factor influencing the transition from rural to urban settlements?

<p>Increase in population</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which element is NOT a typical part of the 'site factor' influencing rural settlements?

<p>Proximity to markets</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of rural settlement pattern is characterized by individual farmhouses spread out over an area?

<p>Dispersed</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes the process of increasing population concentration in urban areas?

<p>Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor primarily determines the choice between subsistence farming and commercial farming in rural settlements?

<p>Market access</p> Signup and view all the answers

In rural settlements, which shape is typically formed around a central common area and historically used for defense and communal activities?

<p>Round</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which category of urban settlements is characterized by serving as entry and exit points at natural passageways or barriers?

<p>Gateway/Gap Towns</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where are fishing settlements most likely to be located based on the text?

<p>Near water bodies</p> Signup and view all the answers

What phenomenon refers to the physical spread of urban areas into the surrounding rural regions?

<p>Urban Sprawl</p> Signup and view all the answers

What concept relates to the speed at which the urban population grows compared to the overall population growth?

<p>Rate of Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary influence on the development of linear rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Environmental factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term refers to the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas?

<p>Level of Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the concept of threshold population refer to in urban settlements?

<p>The minimum number of people required to support a service or function</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor influences the range of goods in urban settlements?

<p>Distance consumers are willing to travel</p> Signup and view all the answers

In urban hierarchies, what is the primary characteristic of high-order goods and services?

<p>They are luxury items or specialized services</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of Central Places in urban classifications?

<p>Offering essential services to surrounding rural areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are some examples of push factors that drive people away from rural areas?

<p>Limited employment opportunities and inadequate housing</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a consequence of rural depopulation for rural areas?

<p>Closure of basic services and amenities</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which strategy can help address rural depopulation by creating job opportunities in rural areas?

<p>Industrial decentralization for job creation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the social justice issue related to equitable access to land?

<p>Compensating displaced individuals</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are some challenges faced by urban areas due to rapid urbanization?

<p>Overburdened public services and environmental degradation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes rural settlements from urban settlements?

<p>Spread-out housing in rural settlements</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor is NOT considered in the definition of 'site' for a settlement?

<p>Population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which classification is NOT used to categorize settlements according to the text?

<p>Elevation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What feature is typically associated with urban settlements' situation?

<p>Accessibility</p> Signup and view all the answers

In settlement geography, what does 'situation' primarily describe?

<p>The location of a settlement in relation to surrounding features</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary driving force behind the migration from rural to urban areas in South Africa?

<p>Search for employment and better living conditions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following urban issues is exacerbated by inadequate public transport systems and over-reliance on private vehicles?

<p>Lack of Planning/Urban Sprawl</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes informal settlements or squatter settlements in urban areas?

<p>Overcrowded housing and lack of basic services</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following challenges is a critical issue directly related to rapid urbanization in South Africa?

<p>Overcrowding</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do informal settlements contribute to urban sprawl?

<p>By establishing residential areas without legal land claims</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the internal structure of urban settlements refer to?

<p>The spatial arrangement of different land-use zones within a city</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which urban zone is characterized by aging infrastructure and buildings, often transitioning from residential to commercial or industrial uses?

<p>Transition Zone/Zone of Decay</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the Multiple Nuclei Model of urban structure proposed by Harris and Ullman?

<p>Cities developing around multiple centers with mixed land-use zones</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes light industrial zones from heavy industrial zones in urban areas?

<p>The environmental impacts associated with each type of manufacturing</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key characteristic of the South African City Model as described in the text?

<p>Segregated land-use patterns influenced by apartheid</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factor primarily differentiates rural settlements from urban settlements according to function?

<p>Multifunctionality</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a situation factor influencing rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Protection from flooding</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key consideration when examining rural settlements through the lens of influence of site and situation?

<p>Arable land availability</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor primarily influences the transition from rural to urban settlements according to the text?

<p>Economic opportunities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key characteristic of linear rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Individual farmhouses spread out over an area</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary factor that distinguishes rural settlements from urban settlements?

<p>Population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which characteristic is a key feature of site factors influencing rural settlements?

<p>Water availability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes urban settlements from rural settlements in terms of housing layout?

<p>Concentrated development</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term best describes a settlement's location concerning surrounding features?

<p>Situation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of settlement is most likely to focus on agricultural or natural economic activities?

<p>Farmsteads</p> Signup and view all the answers

What concept refers to the area or market from which a settlement draws its customers?

<p>Sphere of Influence</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of goods have a shorter range and require a smaller threshold population in urban settlements?

<p>Low-Order Goods</p> Signup and view all the answers

What primarily influences the development and characteristics of urban settlements?

<p>Primary Function</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of urban settlement offers essential services to surrounding rural areas according to the text?

<p>Central Places</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the minimum number of people required to support a service or function in urban settlements?

<p>'Threshold' Population</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the primary factors contributing to rural depopulation?

<p>Limited employment opportunities and inadequate housing</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which consequence is a result of rural depopulation for urban areas?

<p>Traffic congestion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key objective of land reform concerning land redistribution in rural settlements?

<p>Allocating land to disadvantaged individuals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which social justice issue is related to equitable access to resources in rural settlements?

<p>Provision of basic services</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do urban settlements contribute to economic growth according to the text?

<p>By providing diverse job markets</p> Signup and view all the answers

What influences the layout and distribution of rural settlements?

<p>Historical land division and social organization</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which agricultural practice aims at self-sufficiency and meeting the family's needs?

<p>Subsistence farming</p> Signup and view all the answers

What shapes rural settlements that develop along roads, rivers, or valley floors?

<p>Linear</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following factors influences the choice between different types of farming in rural areas?

<p>Technological availability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What primary factor leads individuals to move from rural areas to urban centers?

<p>Economic opportunities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do Central Business Districts (CBDs) and Outlying Business Districts (OBDs) in urban areas primarily have in common?

<p>High building density and diverse commercial activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the distinguishing factor between light industrial zones and heavy industrial zones in urban settlements?

<p>Type of manufacturing</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the Rural-Urban Fringe in urban settlements?

<p>Mixed land-use and transitional characteristics</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary objective of developing buffer zones and green belts in post-apartheid South Africa?

<p>To address urban challenges</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do the models of urban structure serve urban planners and policymakers?

<p>By offering conceptual frameworks for analysis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key difference between urban growth and urban expansion?

<p>Urban growth refers to the physical spread of urban areas, while urban expansion refers to the increase in urban population.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor contributes significantly to counter-urbanization?

<p>Lack of employment opportunities in rural areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes 'Trade and Transport Towns' from 'Gateway/Gap Towns'?

<p>Gateway/Gap Towns are entry and exit points, while Trade and Transport Towns involve locations where goods are transferred between transport modes.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which characteristic differentiates 'Specialized Towns' from 'Central Places'?

<p>'Specialized Towns' have a unique function or industry dominance, while 'Central Places' provide a variety of goods and services.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role does 'situation' play in the development of urban settlements?

<p>'Situation' is critical for determining the location of an urban settlement relative to other settlements and resources.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common consequence of inadequate public transport systems in urban areas?

<p>Higher reliance on private vehicles</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do informal settlements typically affect urban areas?

<p>They lack adherence to urban planning regulations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant social challenge exacerbated by urbanization?

<p>Poverty and social inequality</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do informal settlements contribute to urban sprawl?

<p>By expanding without conforming to planning norms</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key aim of strategies to address urban settlement issues?

<p>To achieve sustainable urban development</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary distinguishing factor between rural and urban settlements according to the text?

<p>The population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which characteristic is used to differentiate urban settlements from rural settlements?

<p>Population distribution</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factor plays a significant role in determining the classification of settlements according to size, complexity, function, and pattern?

<p>Population demographics</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what way do rural and urban settlements primarily differ concerning housing?

<p>Density of housing units</p> Signup and view all the answers

What aspect of a settlement's location is emphasized when discussing 'situation' in the text?

<p>Accessibility and surrounding features</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key factor influencing the transition from rural to urban settlements?

<p>Economic opportunities</p> Signup and view all the answers

Influence of site factors on rural settlements includes the availability of ___.

<p>Building materials</p> Signup and view all the answers

Protection from flooding is classified under which type of factors in settlement development?

<p>Site factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

What influences living conditions and agricultural practices in rural settlements?

<p>Availability of natural resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the tradition factor in rural settlement development primarily refer to?

<p>Cultural and historical significance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factor influences the layout and distribution of dwellings in rural settlements?

<p>A combination of environmental factors, historical land division, and social organization</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes linear rural settlements?

<p>They develop along roads, rivers, or valley floors</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor primarily determines the type of agricultural activities practiced in rural areas?

<p>Local environmental conditions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the distinguishing feature of T-shape rural settlements?

<p>They occur where a minor road meets a major one</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characteristic differentiates subsistence farming from commercial farming?

<p>Scale of production</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the consequences of rural depopulation for urban areas?

<p>Expansion of informal settlements and increased crime rates</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does 'brain drain' refer to in the context of rural depopulation?

<p>The migration of educated and skilled individuals from rural to urban areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the key challenges faced in land reform processes in rural areas?

<p>Bureaucratic delays and high costs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary objective of providing legal security in land tenure reform?

<p>To support new landowners</p> Signup and view all the answers

What social justice issues are encompassed in rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Access to resources, fair treatment in land distribution</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes the phenomenon of the movement of populations from urban to rural areas, often in search of a better quality of life?

<p>Counter-Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of urban settlement arises at natural passageways or barriers, serving as entry and exit points?

<p>Gateway/Gap Towns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term refers to the speed at which the urban population grows compared to the overall population growth?

<p>Rate of Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which category of urban settlements is characterized by having a dominant function or industry, such as mining towns, university towns, or resort cities?

<p>Specialized Towns</p> Signup and view all the answers

In urban geography, what does the 'situation' of a settlement primarily refer to?

<p>Location concerning other settlements and resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factors influence the shape of urban settlements?

<p>Geographical, historical, socio-economic, and political factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

In urban settlements, what distinguishes the Transition Zone/Zone of Decay?

<p>Areas undergoing change from residential to commercial or industrial uses</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of urban structure model suggests that cities develop around multiple centers, each specializing in different functions?

<p>Multiple Nuclei Model (Harris and Ullman)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the Rural-Urban Fringe in urban settlements?

<p>Interface between urban and suburban areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are Industrial Zones typically located on city outskirts or designated areas?

<p>To minimize residential impact</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term is used to describe the process of increasing population concentration in urban areas?

<p>Suburbanization</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor significantly impacts the dynamics of rural areas, influencing demographic trends and economic development?

<p>Migration</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common impact of overcrowding in urban areas experiencing rapid urbanization?

<p>Social unrest</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes the Rural-Urban Fringe in urban settlements?

<p>Transition zone between urban and rural areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key objective of land reform concerning land redistribution in rural settlements?

<p>Equitable access to land resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does 'threshold population' refer to in urban settlement analysis?

<p>The minimum number of people required to support a service</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor significantly influences the sphere of influence of an urban settlement?

<p>Quality and quantity of goods and services offered</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes trade and transport towns in urban settlements?

<p>Strategic locations at break-of-bulk points or junctions</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do low-order centers differ from high-order centers in urban settlements?

<p>They have a smaller range of goods available</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary factor that differentiates rural settlements from urban settlements in terms of economic activities?

<p>Multifunctionality</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of settlement patterns, what factor primarily influences the adaptation of human populations to their environment?

<p>Topography</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main implication of focusing on site factors in relation to the influence on rural settlements?

<p>Increased agricultural productivity</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor related to rural settlements is crucial for settlement sustainability and agricultural productivity?

<p>Soil fertility</p> Signup and view all the answers

What aspect of urban settlements plays a fundamental role in hosting various activities like manufacturing and administration?

<p>Transport connections</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes rural settlements in terms of population density?

<p>Low population density and spread-out housing</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a characteristic of urban settlements?

<p>High population density and significant non-agricultural economic activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the term 'site' refer to in the context of settlements?

<p>The physical attributes of the land where a settlement is built</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor primarily influences the classification of settlements according to size, complexity, function, and pattern?

<p>Population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the distinguishing factor between rural and urban settlements in relation to housing?

<p>Varied housing types in urban areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do round rural settlements often have at their center?

<p>A central common area</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor primarily influences the choice between subsistence farming and commercial farming in rural areas?

<p>Technological availability</p> Signup and view all the answers

In linear rural settlements, why are houses often developed along roads, rivers, or valley floors?

<p>To adapt to environmental constraints</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key characteristic of nucleated rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Grouped houses for defense</p> Signup and view all the answers

What primarily determines the land use in rural areas according to the text?

<p>Type of agricultural activities practiced</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key difference between the Multiple Nuclei Model and the Modern American-Western City Model of urban structure?

<p>Land-use zones</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor primarily influences the shape of urban settlements according to the text?

<p>Geographical factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

What differentiates the South African City Model from the Third World City Model in terms of land-use patterns?

<p>Mixed land-use zones</p> Signup and view all the answers

What influence do zoning regulations have on urban profiles as mentioned in the text?

<p>Building heights</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do commercial ribbons and neighborhood shopping centers alter traditional urban commercial landscapes?

<p>Lead to decentralization</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are some consequences of rural depopulation for urban areas?

<p>Overcrowding and expansion of informal settlements</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which strategy could help address brain drain in rural areas?

<p>Enhancing educational support for rural farmers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key aspect of the social justice issues related to land reform in rural settlements?

<p>Ensuring legal security for land ownership and occupation</p> Signup and view all the answers

How can access to water resources be improved in rural settlements?

<p>Implementing drip irrigation techniques</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor contributes significantly to the underutilization of natural resources following rural depopulation?

<p>Limited employment opportunities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes the movement of populations from urban to rural areas, often in search of a better quality of life?

<p>Counter-Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term refers to the absolute increase in the urban population over time?

<p>Urban Growth</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes 'Junction Towns' in urban settlement classifications?

<p>Situated at transport route intersections</p> Signup and view all the answers

In terms of urban functions, what do Specialized Towns primarily focus on?

<p>Dominant function or industry such as mining or education</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factor is crucial for the development and growth of contemporary urban settlements according to the text?

<p>Transport connectivity</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key consideration in addressing urban settlement issues according to the text?

<p>Considering social, economic, and environmental dimensions</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does rapid urban growth exacerbate pollution in urban areas according to the text?

<p>By leading to increased air, water, and soil pollution</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common characteristic of informal settlements mentioned in the text?

<p>Lack of adherence to urban planning regulations</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do informal settlements contribute to urban sprawl according to the text?

<p>By adding to inefficient land use and loss of green spaces</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus of strategies to address urban settlement issues in the text?

<p>Ensuring sustainable urban development</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role does the concept of 'Threshold Population' play in urban settlements?

<p>Influencing the viability and profitability of services</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do low-order and high-order goods differ in terms of their range in urban settlements?

<p>Low-order goods have a shorter range than high-order goods</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes 'Specialized Towns' from 'Central Places' in urban classifications?

<p>'Specialized Towns' have a dominant function or industry</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of 'Trade and Transport Towns' in urban settlements?

<p>Facilitating trade and transportation at strategic locations</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is understanding the 'Central Place Theory' crucial for comprehending urban hierarchies?

<p>To analyze the distribution and size of cities within a region</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes a rural settlement based on population density and housing distribution?

<p>Low population density and scattered housing</p> Signup and view all the answers

In settlement geography, what role does 'situation' play in determining the nature of a settlement?

<p>It influences the land use patterns in a settlement</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes urban settlements from rural settlements primarily in terms of economic activities?

<p>Higher concentration of non-agricultural activities in urban settlements</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main factor that differentiates between rural and urban settlements with regards to housing layout?

<p>Population density</p> Signup and view all the answers

What aspect of a settlement's physical attributes does the term 'site' encompass?

<p>Topography and soil quality</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factor primarily determines the shapes of rural settlements?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

In rural settlements, what type of farming aims at self-sufficiency rather than profit?

<p>Subsistence farming</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following settlement patterns is characterized by houses grouped together, often found in fertile agricultural lands?

<p>Nucleated pattern</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key factor influencing the choice between extensive and intensive farming in rural areas?

<p>Environmental conditions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the classification of rural settlements according to function primarily refer to?

<p>Economic activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common consequence of rural depopulation for urban areas mentioned in the text?

<p>Overburdened public services</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which strategy is NOT mentioned in the text as a way to address rural depopulation?

<p>Creation of job opportunities through industrial centralization</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main objective of land reform as discussed in the text?

<p>Correcting historical injustices</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor significantly influences the classification of settlements according to size, complexity, function, and pattern as per the text?

<p>Economic activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characterizes linear rural settlements according to the text?

<p>Alignment along transportation routes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key factor that distinguishes rural settlements from urban settlements according to the text?

<p>Economic diversity</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following factors is a primary consideration in determining the shape of rural settlements?

<p>Relief</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of rural settlements, what does the term 'situation' primarily refer to?

<p>Proximity to resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characteristic influences the living conditions and agricultural practices in rural settlements?

<p>Climate</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor is crucial for effective land use planning, resource management, and sustainable development in both rural and urban settings?

<p>Site factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes the unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of urban areas into peripheral regions?

<p>Urban Sprawl</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of urban area is characterized by a dominant function or industry, such as mining towns, university towns, or resort cities?

<p>Specialized Towns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What factor can significantly contribute to underutilization of natural resources following rural depopulation?

<p>Counter-Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which concept refers to the process of increasing population concentration in urban areas compared to the overall population growth?

<p>Rate of Urbanisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary distinguishing factor between 'Junction Towns' and 'Gateway/Gap Towns'?

<p>Location</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of understanding urban hierarchies and the factors influencing the location and function of urban settlements?

<p>To analyze the spatial organization and growth dynamics of urban areas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes high-order goods and services from low-order goods and services in urban centers?

<p>Higher threshold population and larger sphere of influence</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor is crucial in determining the presence and type of services within an urban settlement?

<p>Threshold population</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characteristic differentiates specialized towns from central places in urban classifications?

<p>Dominant function or industry</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of urban settlements, what does the term 'range of goods' indicate?

<p>The maximum distance consumers are willing to travel to purchase goods or services</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary distinction between Central Business Districts (CBDs) and Outlying Business Districts (OBDs)?

<p>Type of commercial activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

In urban morphology, what factor influences the transition zone/zone of decay within urban areas?

<p>Infrastructure age</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do light industrial zones primarily differ from heavy industrial zones in urban planning?

<p>Manufacturing impact on the environment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characteristic defines the Rural-Urban Fringe area in the context of urban settlements?

<p>Mixed land-use and transitional features</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which concept does the South African City Model primarily aim to reflect?

<p>Historical socio-political influences from apartheid</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common characteristic of informal settlements?

<p>Lack of basic services</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which factor significantly contributes to traffic congestion in urban areas?

<p>Over-reliance on private vehicles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key environmental concern related to urbanization?

<p>Air, water, and soil pollution</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term best describes the process of establishing residential areas without legal claims to the land?

<p>Squatter settlements</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant impact of overcrowding in urban areas experiencing rapid urbanization?

<p>Increased demand for housing</p> Signup and view all the answers

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