UP Board Class 12 Hindi Curriculum: Poetry, Prose, Grammar, Essay Writing Quiz

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किस विषय पर विद्यार्थियों को उनके लेखकों से प्रेरणा लेने के लिए छोटी कहानियाँ, निबंध, और नाटक लिखने की प्रोत्साहना दी जाती है?

निबंध लेखन

कौन-सा काम मुंशी प्रेमचंद का है जो 'सेवा सदन' के रूप में पढ़ा जाता है?


कौन-सी सामान्य भूल से छात्रों को सम्बोधित करने वाली गलतज्ञान हो सकती है?

हमेशा कविता पहले पढ़नी चाहिए

'मेरे पुत्र प्रेमी' कहानी किसकी है?

हनीफ कुरैशी

'स्वीकर्ण' 'समुपन्न' समलंकरण उपप्रत्यय की मुख्यता क्या है?


'समर्थक' कहानी किसकी है?

श्रीलाल शुक्ल

किस भावना की प्रतिष्ठा हिंदी काव्य में है?

निर्गुण भक्ति

किस कवि ने 'कौसल्यासुत के चन्द्र' कविता रची?


किस कवि ने 'कृष्ण को कहत हूँ' कविता रची?


किस शैली में 'सूर' के कविताएं समर्थित होती हैं?

श्रृंगार रस

'मनुष्य के प्रेम-प्रेमिका से होने वाले प्रेम-भाव को कौन-कौन से कवि समर्थित करते हैं?'

सूर, केशवदास, बिहारी

'महोब्बत में खुले हुए अंत:करण को '_______' महसूस होता है।'


Study Notes

UP Board Class 12 Hindi Curriculum: Poetry, Prose, Grammar, Essay Writing

The Uttar Pradesh Board of Secondary Education (UPMSP) offers a comprehensive and engaging curriculum for Class 12 Hindi students, covering four core areas: poetry, prose, grammar, and essay writing. In this article, we'll explore the essential aspects of each area and help you understand how to excel in UP Board Class 12 Hindi.


Class 12 Hindi students are exposed to a wide range of poetry, including both classical and modern works. They learn about the nuanced differences between poetic styles, themes, and forms, such as:

  • Nirgun Bhakti (impersonal devotion): This forms the foundation of Hindi poetry, featuring poets like Kabir and Ravidas.
  • Sant (saintly) poetry: Works by saints like Tulsidas, Surdas, and Meerabai are studied here.
  • Shringar Rasa (romantic sentiment): This style is represented by poets like Sur, Keshavdas, and Bihari.
  • Viraha Rasa (separation sentiment): Works by poets like Surdas and Meerabai exemplify this style.
  • Kavya (poetry): This genre encompasses works by poets like Vidyapati, Bharatendu Harishchandra, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, and Ramdhari Singh Dinkar.

Class 12 students are encouraged to analyze and interpret these works, exploring their literary devices, themes, and styles.


Class 12 Hindi students study a variety of prose works, including fiction, non-fiction, and drama. Some of the most celebrated authors and their works in this section include:

  • Munshi Premchand: His novels such as "Seva Sadan," "Nirmala," and "Idgah" are studied here.
  • Hanif Kureishi: His short stories such as "My Son the Fanatic" and "The Mother Courage" are included.
  • Anita Desai: Her novels such as "In Custody" and "The Village by the Sea" are studied in this section.
  • Shrilal Shukla: His works such as "Raag Darbari" and "Raag Darbari Ke Pal" are also part of the syllabus.

Students are encouraged to analyze these works critically, exploring themes, styles, and literary devices. They also learn to write their own short stories, essays, and dramas, drawing inspiration from these authors.


Class 12 Hindi grammar is a critical component of the syllabus and focuses on the students' ability to write grammatically correct sentences, ensuring that their writing is clear, precise, and effective. The syllabus covers advanced grammatical concepts such as:

  • Compound and complex sentences
  • Use of active and passive voice
  • Noun and verb agreement
  • Tense usage
  • Adverbial phrases and clauses

Students who have a strong command of grammar are better equipped to write high-quality essays and communicate their ideas clearly in both spoken and written contexts.

Essay Writing

Class 12 Hindi students learn to write various types of essays, including comparative essays, descriptive essays, reflective essays, and persuasive essays. They are also encouraged to develop their skills in essay planning, structure, and argumentation. The syllabus focuses on the following aspects:

  • Planning and structuring essays
  • Creating effective arguments
  • Using evidence and examples
  • Developing a clear thesis statement
  • Writing a strong conclusion

Students who excel in essay writing are better equipped to communicate their ideas clearly and persuasively, both in written and oral contexts.

By focusing on these four core areas of the UP Board Class 12 Hindi syllabus, students are provided with an in-depth and well-rounded education in the Hindi language, literature, and grammar. Through the study of poetry, prose, grammar, and essay writing, students develop the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in their language and literature studies, and beyond.

Explore the comprehensive Class 12 Hindi curriculum of the Uttar Pradesh Board of Secondary Education (UPMSP), covering poetry, prose, grammar, and essay writing. Learn about the key poets, authors, literary styles, and grammatical concepts emphasized in this syllabus.

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