Pre-Colonial Artifacts in the Philippines
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Pre-Colonial Artifacts in the Philippines

Explore the history and characteristics of pre-colonial artifacts found in various locations in the Philippines, such as Espinosa Ranch Site, Cagayan and Palawan. Learn about stone and shell adzes, polished stone adzes, and intricately designed jars. Test your knowledge of the early Neolithic period and the materials used in crafting these artifacts.

Created by
@UnrealMeter

Questions and Answers

What type of artifact is the Manunggul Jar?

Jar

What is the purpose of the Manunggul Jar cover design?

To symbolize two souls on a voyage to the afterlife

What type of artifact is a Lingling-o?

Ear pendant

Which part of the body did the Lingling-o artifact adorn?

<p>Ear</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was unique about the earthenware pots resembling human figures from the Metal Age?

<p>They had different facial expressions and features</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which era were the polished stone adzes with oval cross-sections used?

<p>~2680 BC</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of the Sarimanok in Maranao art?

<p>It is a symbol of good fortune</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which art form is known for intricate curvilinear lines and Arabic geometric figures?

<p>Okir</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is Baybayin?

<p>An ancient script derived from Brahmic scripts of India</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who was the National Artist for Painting in 2011 known for his modern interpretation of the Okir?

<p>Abdulmari Asia Imao</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which art form is the Golden Tara predominantly featured?

<p>Jewelry</p> Signup and view all the answers

What influence inspired Spanish Colonial art in the Philippines?

<p>Byzantine, Gothic, Baroque, and Rococo art styles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of The Golden Tara?

<p>It is a 1.79-kilogram gold image from the Madjapahit period.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who created the painting 'Tampuhan'?

<p>Juan Luna</p> Signup and view all the answers

During which historical period was 'The Last Judgement (Angry Christ)' created?

<p>Post War Colonial Art Period</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main theme of 'Tampuhan'?

<p>Lovers' quarrel</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following descriptions best fits Pablo Baen Santos?

<p>Responsible for 'Krista'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes the Pre-Colonial Art Period from the Spanish Colonial Art Period?

<p>Establishment of local communities</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Pre-Colonial Art

  • The Flake Tool was used during the Old Stone Age, specifically at the Espinosa Ranch Site, Cagayan, dating back to 16000-8000 BC.
  • Stone and Shell Adzes were used during the New Stone Age, found in Cagayan, Palawan, Isabela, and Pampanga, around 2680 BC.
  • The polished stone adzes, oval in cross-section, were made and used during the Early Neolithic period.
  • The Manunggul Jar, dated to 895-775 BC, features curvilinear scroll designs and a boat with two human figures on its lid, symbolizing a voyage to the afterlife.
  • The Lingling-o, a type of ear pendant, was used during the Metal Age, found in Duyong Cave, Palawan.
  • Earthenware pots, resembling human figures, were used for secondary burial during the Metal Age, around 5 BC-225 AD.
  • The Maitum Jars, featuring unique facial expressions, were used during the Metal Age, found in Ayub Cave, Saranggani Province.
  • Baybayin, a Tagalog ancient script, was derived from Brahmic scripts of India and first recorded in the 16th century.

Unchanged Art Designs

  • The Okir, a design or pattern often rendered in curvilinear lines and Arabic geometric figures, is an artistic design of the Maranao before the Islamization of the area.
  • The Sarimanok, a legendary bird, is a symbol of good fortune and features colorful wings and feathered tail, often depicted with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs.

Spanish Colonial Art

  • Introduced formal Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, inspired by Byzantine, Gothic, Baroque, and Rococo art styles, from 1521-1898 AD.

Brief History of Philippine Arts

  • Pre-Colonial Art Period (1685 BC-1520 AD): Local communities established, and art started to have decorative elements, meaning, and context.
  • Spanish Colonial Art Period (1521-1898 AD)
  • American Colonial Art Period
  • Post War Colonial Art Period
  • Contemporary Art Period

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