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Pharmacology Basics Quiz

Test your knowledge of pharmacology with this quiz covering the primary focus of pharmacology, its goal in healthcare, drug classes and their usage, administration routes in pharmacology, and pharmacokinetic processes and descriptions.

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Questions and Answers

What is the primary focus of pharmacology?

Understanding how drugs interact with the body

Which of the following best describes pharmacology?

The study of drugs and their effects on the body

What is the goal of pharmacology in healthcare?

To ensure safe and effective use of medications

Match the following drug classes with their primary usage:

<p>Antibiotics = Fighting bacterial infections Antidepressants = Treating depression and anxiety disorders Antihistamines = Reducing allergic reactions Analgesics = Relieving pain</p> Signup and view all the answers

Match the following administration routes with their primary use in pharmacology:

<p>Oral = Taking medication by mouth Topical = Applying medication on the skin Intravenous = Administering medication directly into the vein Inhalation = Using medication through breathing into the lungs</p> Signup and view all the answers

Match the following pharmacokinetic processes with their description:

<p>Absorption = Movement of a drug into the bloodstream Distribution = Transport of a drug throughout the body Metabolism = Biological transformation of a drug into metabolites Excretion = Elimination of a drug from the body</p> Signup and view all the answers

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Study Notes

Overview of Pharmacology

  • Primary focus of pharmacology is the study of the effects of drugs on living organisms.

Definition of Pharmacology

  • Pharmacology is the science of drugs, including their composition, properties, effects, and therapeutic uses.

Goal of Pharmacology in Healthcare

  • The goal of pharmacology in healthcare is to understand how drugs interact with the body to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases.

Drug Classes and Their Primary Usage

  • Analgesics: relieve pain
  • Antihistamines: treat allergic reactions
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs: reduce swelling and pain
  • Antimicrobials: kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms
  • Cardiovascular drugs: treat heart and blood vessel disorders

Administration Routes in Pharmacology

  • Oral: taking medication by mouth
  • Topical: applying medication to the skin or mucous membranes
  • Parenteral: injecting medication into the body through a syringe
  • Inhalational: breathing in medication through the lungs

Pharmacokinetic Processes

  • Absorption: the movement of a drug from the site of administration into the bloodstream
  • Distribution: the movement of a drug from the bloodstream to the site of action
  • Metabolism: the breakdown of a drug into its active or inactive metabolites
  • Excretion: the elimination of a drug from the body through the kidneys, liver, or other organs

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