## Podcast Beta

## Questions and Answers

Which method is used to solve for an unknown quantity (x) in drug calculations?

Which of the following is NOT one of the primary methods for calculating medication dosages?

What is the purpose of using conversion factors in drug calculations?

Which method is one of the oldest methods utilized in drug calculations?

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What is the equation for the Ratio-Proportion Method?

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What method uses a formula or equation to solve for an unknown quantity (x)?

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What are the key players formed by the equality of ratios?

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Which of the following factors may determine the dose of a drug for a particular patient?

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What is the purpose of consulting the physician when a dose varies widely from the usual dose of a medicine prescribed?

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Which of the following is the correct formula for calculating the desired dose?

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What is the preferred system of measurement in the practice of pharmacy?

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What is the recommended technique for calculating doses of prefabricated oral tablets or capsules?

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In the example provided, the clinician has 2 mg/mL vials of lorazepam and needs to administer a dose of 4 mg. How many milliliters should they draw up in a syringe?

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Which method is recommended for dimensional analysis?

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What percentage of intensive care nurses considered knowledge on drug dosage calculation essential to decrease medication errors?

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Which equation represents the ratio-proportion method for solving for the unknown quantity X?

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What is the correct formula for converting grams to milligrams?

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Which method uses three factors, including the drug factor, the conversion factor, and the drug order factor, to solve for the unknown quantity?

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What is the correct equation for the dimensional analysis method?

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Which method is one of the oldest methods utilized in drug calculations?

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In the example given, how many milliliters should be drawn up in a syringe to deliver the desired dose of lorazepam?

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What is the dosage in milliliters for a 6 mg/kg dose for a child weighing 64 lbs?

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What is the dosage in teaspoons for a 500 mg dose?

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## Study Notes

### Solving for Unknown Quantities in Drug Calculations

- The ratio-proportion method is used to solve for an unknown quantity (x) in drug calculations.
- The formula or equation method is another way to solve for an unknown quantity (x).

### Primary Methods for Calculating Medication Dosages

- The three primary methods for calculating medication dosages are: ratio-proportion, formula or equation, and dimensional analysis.

### Conversion Factors

- Conversion factors are used in drug calculations to facilitate unit conversions.

### Ratio-Proportion Method

- The equation for the ratio-proportion method is: x = (dose desired / dose on hand) Ã— (quantity on hand).
- The key players formed by the equality of ratios are: dose desired, dose on hand, quantity on hand, and quantity desired (x).

### Factors Affecting Dosage

- Factors that may determine the dose of a drug for a particular patient include: patient's weight, age, and medical condition.

### Consulting Physicians

- The purpose of consulting the physician when a dose varies widely from the usual dose of a medicine prescribed is to ensure the patient's safety.

### Calculating Desired Dose

- The correct formula for calculating the desired dose is: dose = (dose desired / dose on hand) Ã— (quantity on hand).

### Measurement Systems in Pharmacy

- The preferred system of measurement in the practice of pharmacy is the metric system.

### Calculating Doses of Prefabricated Oral Tablets or Capsules

- The recommended technique for calculating doses of prefabricated oral tablets or capsules is the ratio-proportion method.

### Practical Applications

- To administer a dose of 4 mg using 2 mg/mL vials of lorazepam, the clinician should draw up 2 mL in a syringe.
- To deliver a 6 mg/kg dose for a child weighing 64 lbs, the dosage would be 24 mL (6 mg/kg Ã— 64 lbs Ã— 0.453592 kg/lb Ã· 2 mg/mL).
- To deliver a 500 mg dose, the dosage would be 10 teaspoons (500 mg Ã· 50 mg/tsp).

### Dimensional Analysis

- The recommended method for dimensional analysis is to use the formula: x = (dose desired / dose on hand) Ã— (quantity on hand).
- The correct equation for the dimensional analysis method is: x = (dose desired / dose on hand) Ã— (quantity on hand).

### Importance of Drug Dosage Calculation

- 95% of intensive care nurses consider knowledge on drug dosage calculation essential to decrease medication errors.

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## Description

Test your knowledge of unit conversions and calculations with this quiz. Learn how to use a basic formula to solve for unknown variables and check the accuracy of your calculations.