Unit 3 Legal Terms Quiz

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3 Questions

Match the legal term with its definition:

Acquittal = A judgment that a person is not guilty of the crime they have been charged with Alibi = A claim that a person was elsewhere when a crime is supposed to have taken place Burden of Proof = An obligation to prove an accused individual as 'innocent' or 'guilty' Defendant = A person who is accused of a crime in a legal case, typically represented by a defense attorney in court

Match the legal term with its description:

Jury = A group of people sworn to give a decision in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted by a court Presumption of Innocence = The legal principle that every person accused of a crime is considered innocent until proven guilty Prosecution = The side of a legal case which argues that a person who is accused of a crime is guilty Verdict = A decision in a court of law, typically 'guilty' or 'not guilty'

Match the legal term with its action:

Cross-Examine = To question a witness in court in order to check or discredit their testimony Hang the Jury = A jury that cannot agree on a verdict, often resulting in a retrial Refute = To prove that something is false Testimony = A formal statement given in court

Study Notes

Legal Terms

  • Acquittal: a judgment that a person is not guilty of the crime they have been charged with
  • Alibi: a claim that a person was elsewhere when a crime is supposed to have taken place
  • Alleged: doubtful, suspected to be

Proof and Evidence

  • Burden of Proof: an obligation to prove an accused individual as “innocent” or “guilty”
  • Reasonable Doubt: when there is insufficient evidence for a jury or judge to convict a defendant of a crime
  • Refute: to prove that something is false

Trial Proceedings

  • Court-Appointed: a lawyer provided for a defendant by the court if the defendant cannot provide one for themselves
  • Cross-Examine: to question a witness in court in order to check or discredit their testimony
  • Testimony: a formal statement given in court

Jury and Verdict

  • Jury: a group of people sworn to give a decision in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted by a court
  • Hang the Jury or Hung Jury: a jury that cannot agree on a verdict, often resulting in a retrial
  • Verdict: a decision in a court of law, typically “guilty” or “not guilty”

Roles and Principles

  • Defendant: a person who is accused of a crime in a legal case, typically represented by a defense attorney in court
  • Prosecution: the side of a legal case which argues that a person who is accused of a crime is guilty
  • Presumption of Innocence: the legal principle that every person accused of a crime is considered innocent until proven guilty
  • Witness or Eyewitness: a person who saw or heard the crime take place or may have important information about the crime or the defendant

Test your knowledge of legal terms commonly used in Unit 3. Terms include acquittal, alibi, alleged, and court-appointed. Be prepared to identify and understand the meanings of these terms.

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