Unit 2: Solutions Formation and Properties

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What are solutions?

Homogeneous mixtures of two or more components.

Define solvent and solute in a solution.

Solvent is the component present in the largest quantity, determining the physical state of the solution. Solute is the component other than the solvent.

Give an example of a gaseous solution.

Oxygen dissolved in water.

What determines the physical state in which a solution exists?

The solvent.

What is the composition of an isotonic solution?

Equal concentration of solute inside and outside the cell.

How can you describe the composition of a solution?

By expressing its concentration.

What are colligative properties of solutions?

Properties that depend on the number of solute particles in a solution, not on the nature of the solute.

Give an example of a solid solution.

Copper dissolved in gold.

What are binary solutions?

Solutions consisting of two components.

How can the concentration of a solution be expressed?

Through various alternatives like molality, molarity, and mole fraction.

Enhance your understanding of solutions by learning about the different types of solutions, concentration units, Henry's law, Raoult's law, ideal and non-ideal solutions, deviations from Raoult's law, colligative properties, and abnormal colligative properties.

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