Typhoon Haiyan - Impacts and Facts

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6 Questions

What was the recorded wind speed of Typhoon Haiyan in kilometres per hour?

314

What was the approximate cost of damage caused by Typhoon Haiyan?

$12 billion

What was the percentage of Tacloban city that was destroyed by Typhoon Haiyan?

90%

How many people were injured as a result of Typhoon Haiyan?

29,000

What was the height of the storm surge that hit Leyte and Tacloban?

5 metres

How many hectares of farmland were affected by Typhoon Haiyan?

600,000

Study Notes

Typhoon Haiyan

  • Struck the Philippines on November 8, 2013, at 4:40 am, close to Tacloban
  • Classified as a category five typhoon
  • Originated in the northwest Pacific Ocean
  • One of the most powerful typhoons to affect the Philippines

Wind Speed and Damage

  • Wind speeds reached 314 km/h (195 mph)

Primary Effects

  • Strong winds battered homes, making people homeless, especially in Western and Eastern Visayas
  • Electric power was interrupted
  • Airport was severely damaged
  • Roads were blocked by fallen trees and debris

Storm Surge and Rainfall

  • 5-metre storm surge affected Leyte and Tacloban
  • 400mm of rainfall flooded an area of up to 1km inland

Human Impact

  • 6,190 people died
  • 29,000 people were injured
  • 4.1 million people were made homeless
  • 14.1 million people were affected

Economic and Agricultural Impact

  • Overall cost of damage was around $12 billion
  • 1.1 million tonnes of crops were destroyed
  • 1.1 million houses were damaged
  • 1 million farmers and 600,000 hectares of farmland were affected

Learn about the devastating Category 5 Typhoon Haiyan that struck the Philippines in 2013, causing widespread destruction and impacting thousands of lives. Explore the origin, intensity, and primary effects of this powerful tropical storm.

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