Trauma Custom Quiz (Hug)
42 Questions
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Trauma Custom Quiz (Hug)

Created by
@FineLookingHeliotrope1920

Questions and Answers

Which type of amnesia refers to the inability to create new memories?

Antegrade Amnesia

What is the medical term for 'Bilateral Periorbital Ecchymosis' associated with orbital fractures?

Raccoon Eyes

Which of the following is a sign associated with CSF drainage?

Halo Sign

What is the term for the temporary interference and transient disruption of cord function similar to cerebral concussion?

<p>Concussion</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of injury is associated with bruising of the cord, tissue damage, vascular leakage, and swelling?

<p>Contusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the secondary injury caused by displacement of vertebrae, herniation of intervertebral disc, or swelling from adjacent tissue?

<p>Compression</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of injury is associated with bony fragments driven into the vertebral foramen, potentially causing tearing of the cord?

<p>Laceration</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term is used to describe the temporary insult to the cord that affects the entire body?

<p>Spinal Shock</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the best treatment for carbon monoxide poisoning?

<p>High flow, high concentration oxygen</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of carbon monoxide's affinity for hemoglobin?

<p>Creation of carboxyhemoglobin</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic effect of acids and alkalis on tissues during burns?

<p>Acids cause coagulation, alkalis cause liquefaction necrosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be done for impaled objects?

<p>Do not remove the object and control bleeding</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the specific concern with cheek impalement?

<p>Preventing airway obstruction</p> Signup and view all the answers

What occurs when the body is entrapped for over 4 hours, leading to necrotic muscle tissue and traumatic rhabdomyolysis?

<p>Crush syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of traumatic rhabdomyolysis?

<p>Release of myoglobin, phosphate, potassium, lactic acid, and uric acid</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the specific concern with hip fractures, hip dislocations, and femur fractures?

<p>They have specific presentations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What can fractures lead to?

<p>Blood loss</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning?

<p>Nausea, vomiting, headache, decreased level of consciousness</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are examples of soft tissue injuries?

<p>Contusions, lacerations, puncture wounds, avulsions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning that involve the respiratory system?

<p>Wheezes, crackles, productive cough, hypoxemia, bronchial spasm</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of car crash can lead to specific injury patterns?

<p>Rotational</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the primary, secondary, and tertiary blast injuries associated with?

<p>Blast injuries from explosions or bombs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What determines the effect of a projectile on the body in projectile injuries?

<p>Kinetic energy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which group is at the greatest risk of burns?

<p>The very young</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the distinct zones of injury involved in burn pathophysiology?

<p>Thermal, electrical, chemical, and radiation factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which formula is used to estimate fluid resuscitation for burn victims?

<p>Parkland formula</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the specific symptoms associated with inhalation injuries?

<p>Toxic inhalation or steam inhalation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the second leading cause of death for children over 12 years old?

<p>Burns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the different degrees of burns?

<p>First, second, third, and fourth</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do burns progress through?

<p>Stages including the emergent, fluid shift, hypermetabolic, and resolution phases</p> Signup and view all the answers

What plays a role in projectile injuries?

<p>Cavitation and ballistics</p> Signup and view all the answers

What can cause a suspect cervical fracture in a car crash?

<p>Head striking windshield first</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended initial fluid management for head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>20mL/kg of NS (actual body weight)</p> Signup and view all the answers

When should continuous infusion of fluids be initiated after the initial bolus in head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Immediately after the initial bolus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the essential assessment tool to evaluate mental status in head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Glasgow Coma Score</p> Signup and view all the answers

When is Compartment Syndrome likely to occur post-injury in head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Within 4-8 hours</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the goals of treatment for head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Care of underlying injury, splinting, immobilization of fractures, and cold packs for contusions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the potential impact of crushed tissue in head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Release of toxins impacting cardiac and kidney function</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary consideration for Sodium Bicarbonate, Calcium Chloride, and diuretics in head, face, neck, and spine trauma treatment?

<p>Electrolyte balance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the specific symptoms to monitor Compartment Syndrome in head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main focus of initial management in head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Fluid resuscitation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of treatment for head, face, neck, and spine trauma?

<p>Care of underlying injury</p> Signup and view all the answers

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