The Reign of Louis XIV of France

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7 Questions

Who took over from the Capetians in 1589?

The Bourbons

Which French monarch ruled from 1610 to 1643?

Louis XIII

What did Louis XIV do to the nobility's right during his reign?

Revoked their right to have private armies

What did Louis XIV strengthen with his economic and political reforms?

French mercantilism

Whose exodus was caused by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes during Louis XIV's reign?

Huguenots

Which popular playwright created works for Louis XIV's court during his reign?

Moliere

Where did Louis XIV make his primary residence to keep an eye on the nobility?

Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte

Study Notes

  • The Bourbons, a new French Royal house, took over from the Capetians in 1589, who had ruled since the 900s
  • Henry IV, a cousin of the last Capetian king, claimed the throne and converted to Catholicism, ruling until his assassination in 1610
  • His son, Louis XIII, ruled from 1610 to 1643 and was succeeded by his son Louis XIV in 1643
  • Louis XIV was the longest reigning French monarch, ruling from 1643 until his death in 1715
  • During his reign, he revoked the nobility's right to have private armies and required them to live at his court in the Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte
  • He expanded the Chateau and made it his primary residence to keep an eye on his nobility
  • Louis XIV implemented economic and political reforms, including the development of French mercantilism, which strengthened France's trade with its colonies
  • He revoked the Edict of Nantes, causing a significant exodus of Huguenots from France and causing an economic and intellectual drain on the country
  • The arts flourished during Louis XIV's reign, with famous playwright Moliere and composer Jean-Baptiste Lully creating popular works for the court.

Test your knowledge about the reign of Louis XIV, the longest-reigning monarch in French history, and his impact on France's politics, economy, and culture.

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