The History of Medical Technology

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12 Questions

Who is considered the 'Father of Medicine'?


What was the purpose of the Greek physicians' assessment of disorder through measurement of body fluids?

To increase the quality of life of patients

What were the four humours according to early Greek medicine?

Blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile

Who first established the relationship between fluid intake and urine volume?


What was a common practice for diagnosis in medieval Europe?


What was not allowed for medical practitioners in the early 11th century?

Conducting physical examination of the patient's body

What was one of the devices used by 19th century physicians for measuring blood pressure?

Jules Herisson’s spygmomanometer

Which disease was diagnosed using chemistry in the 19th century?


What did the onset of mechanical and chemical devices lead to in the field of medicine?


In the mid-1900s, what was one of the uses of technical laboratories regulated by the CDC in the US?

For medical diagnostics

What advancement did the electron microscopy contribute to in the field of medical technology?

Visualization of small cells including tumor cells

What development in medical research was facilitated by the adaption of computers?

Development of tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Study Notes

Medicine and Diagnosis

  • Hippocrates is considered the 'Father of Medicine'.

Humorism in Ancient Greece

  • Ancient Greek physicians assessed disorders by measuring body fluids to balance the four humors: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile.
  • The balance of these humors was believed to be essential for good health.

Pioneers in Medicine

  • Greek physician Alcmaeon first established the relationship between fluid intake and urine volume.

Medieval Medicine

  • In medieval Europe, a common practice for diagnosis was uroscopy, or examining the patient's urine.

Medieval Regulations

  • In the early 11th century, monks were not allowed to practice medicine.

19th Century Medical Devices

  • One device used by physicians in the 19th century for measuring blood pressure was the sphygmograph.

Early Diagnostic Techniques

  • In the 19th century, diabetes was diagnosed using chemistry.

Advances in Medicine

  • The onset of mechanical and chemical devices led to the development of more accurate diagnostic tools in medicine.

CDC Regulation

  • In the mid-1900s, technical laboratories regulated by the CDC in the US were used to monitor and respond to disease outbreaks.

Electron Microscopy

  • The electron microscopy contributed to the discovery of viruses and other microorganisms in the field of medical technology.

Computer-Aided Research

  • The adaptation of computers facilitated the development of advanced statistical analysis and modeling in medical research.

Take this quiz to test your knowledge on the history of medical technology in a global context. Learn about the early beliefs on disease, influential figures like Hippocrates and Galen, and the development of rudimentary medical practices.

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