The Evolution of Customs Service and Smuggling in the Philippines
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The Evolution of Customs Service and Smuggling in the Philippines

Are you curious about the history of customs service and smuggling in the Philippines? Test your knowledge with this quiz! From the early days of trading to the establishment of the Philippine Customs Service, this quiz covers the evolution of customs administration and the challenges of smuggling in the country. Keywords: Philippines, customs service, smuggling, trade, regulations, policies, revenue collection.

Created by
@ProudHawk

Questions and Answers

What was the role of the Enforcement and Security Services (ESS) or Customs Police in the Philippines?

To manage customs and stop smuggling

Who was Tom in the context of smuggling in the Philippines?

A notorious smuggler specializing in alcohol

What is the current status of smuggling in developing nations?

It is still a significant problem

When did the Philippines have a rudimentary customs administration in place?

<p>Before the arrival of Mid-Eastern and European expeditions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the reason for the implementation of formal regulations and policies to manage trade in the Philippines?

<p>To collect taxes and safeguard national interests</p> Signup and view all the answers

What led to the development of smuggling in the Philippines in the 1500s?

<p>The change in the country's taxing structure to a tariff system</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the reason for the establishment of the Customs police in the Philippines?

<p>To address the negative impact caused by smuggling on the government's revenue collection efforts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the Enforcement and Security Services (ESS) or Customs Police in the Philippines?

<p>To manage customs and stop smuggling</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who was a notorious smuggler in the Philippines specializing in alcohol during the 12th century?

<p>Tom</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the taxing structure changed to in the Philippines in the 1500s?

<p>Tariff system</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was Act No. 355 responsible for creating in the Philippines?

<p>Philippine Customs Service</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why was the Customs police established in the Philippines?

<p>To address negative impact caused by smuggling on government revenue collection efforts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the first Bureau of Customs (BOC) branch with a stated role for enforcing customs laws in the Philippines?

<p>Harbor Police</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Customs Administrative Order (CAO) No. 225 give to the Customs Patrol Service in the Philippines?

<p>New responsibilities</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

The Evolution of Customs Service and Smuggling in the Philippines

  • The Enforcement and Security Services (ESS) or Customs Police are essential in managing customs and stopping smuggling.
  • Smuggling has been a significant problem since the 12th century, with Tom being a notorious smuggler specializing in alcohol.
  • Smuggling is still a significant problem for developing nations and is frequently linked to unethical behavior.
  • The Philippines had a rudimentary customs administration in place before the arrival of Mid-Eastern and European expeditions.
  • The country was ruled by barangay leaders called "Datu" and "Rajah", and the customs administration began to develop as trading became more prevalent.
  • Formal regulations and policies were implemented to manage trade, with various government agencies taking charge of enforcing customs laws and regulations to collect taxes and safeguard national interests.
  • The country's taxing structure was changed to a tariff system in the 1500s, leading to the development of smuggling in the nation.
  • The Philippine Commission passed the Tariff Revision Law in 1901, with subsequent Customs Service Acts leading up to Act No. 355, which created the Philippine Customs Service in 1902.
  • The evolution of the Philippine customs service in the early 20th century was a gradual process, marked by multiple acts and regulations aimed at addressing problems in trade and smuggling that arose during this transitional period.
  • The establishment of the Customs police was necessitated due to the negative impact caused by smuggling on the government's revenue collection efforts.
  • The Harbor Police was the first Bureau of Customs (BOC) branch with a stated role for enforcing customs laws, established in 1902, and underwent a restructuring in 1947 and was renamed the Customs Patrol Service.
  • The Customs Patrol Service was given new responsibilities by Customs Administrative Order (CAO) No. 225 in 1957, and they also gained control of the launch service, responsible for sea patrol.

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