The Delhi Sultanate Establishment
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The Delhi Sultanate Establishment

Learn about the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate, a Muslim kingdom that existed from the 12th to the 16th century in the Indian subcontinent. Discover its early rulers, expansion, key conquests, and significance in Indian history.

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@SnazzyElPaso

Questions and Answers

What marked the beginning of the Delhi Sultanate?

The capture of Delhi and its establishment as the capital

Who established the Delhi Sultanate in 1192?

Qutb-ud-din Aibak

Which of the following was a significance of the Delhi Sultanate?

The establishment of Muslim rule in India

Who was the nephew of Qutb-ud-din Aibak and expanded the Sultanate's territories?

<p>Shams-ud-din Iltutmish</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the legacy of the Delhi Sultanate?

<p>The laying of the foundation for the Mughal Empire</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following was not a conquest of Qutb-ud-din Aibak?

<p>Multan</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the origin of the Ghurid Empire?

<p>Ghor, Afghanistan</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who appointed Qutb-ud-din Aibak as his governor in India?

<p>Muhammad of Ghor</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is Qutb-ud-din Aibak credited with?

<p>Laying the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate</p> Signup and view all the answers

What occurred in the Delhi Sultanate after Aibak's death in 1210?

<p>A succession crisis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who eventually emerged victorious and established himself as the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate after the succession crisis?

<p>Iltutmish</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is Iltutmish described as?

<p>A wise and able ruler</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

The Foundation of the Delhi Sultanate

Background

  • The Delhi Sultanate was a Muslim kingdom that existed from the 12th to the 16th century in the Indian subcontinent.
  • It was established by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, a Turkish slave-soldier who rose to become a powerful general in the Ghurid Empire.

Founding of the Delhi Sultanate

  • In 1192, Qutb-ud-din Aibak declared independence from the Ghurid Empire and established the Delhi Sultanate.
  • He captured Delhi and made it his capital, marking the beginning of the Delhi Sultanate.

Early Rulers and Expansion

  • Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1192-1210): Established the Delhi Sultanate and expanded its territories through military campaigns.
  • Aram Shah (1210-1211): Son of Qutb-ud-din Aibak, but his reign was short-lived and marked by instability.
  • Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1211-1236): Nephew of Qutb-ud-din Aibak, who consolidated power and expanded the Sultanate's territories.

Key Conquests

  • Qutb-ud-din Aibak conquered:
    • Delhi
    • Ajmer
    • Kanauj
    • Banaras
  • Shams-ud-din Iltutmish conquered:
    • Bengal
    • Bihar
    • Eastern Uttar Pradesh

Significance of the Delhi Sultanate

  • Established Muslim rule in India, which would last for centuries.
  • Introduced Persian and Arabic languages, which influenced the development of Urdu.
  • Promoted the development of Indo-Islamic architecture, art, and culture.

Legacy

  • The Delhi Sultanate laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire, which would later dominate the Indian subcontinent.
  • Its legacy can be seen in the many monuments, mosques, and architectural wonders that still stand in Delhi and surrounding areas.

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