The Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Boveq avatar
Boveq
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

75 Questions

Which organelle is responsible for making proteins?

Endoplasmic Reticulum

What is the function of centrioles?

Organizing chromosomes during cell division

Which organelle is responsible for cellular respiration?

Mitochondria

What is the function of proteins in the body?

Structural support

What is the role of enzymes in chemical reactions?

To speed up chemical reactions

What is a mutation?

A variation in the gene

What is the function of the cell cycle?

Life cycle of the cell

Which part of the cell cycle is responsible for doubling the number of chromosomes?

Interphase

What is the function of the nucleolus?

Produces ribosomes

Which phase of mitosis involves the separation of chromosomes?

Anaphase

What is the function of lysosomes in a cell?

Digests waste products

What is the function of centrioles during cell division?

Organizes chromosomes

Which type of tissue is most affected by cancer cells?

Epithelial tissue

What is the function of flagella in cells?

Allows cell movement

Which is the primary function of the cell membrane?

To allow some things through but not others

What is the function of cholesterol in the cell membrane?

To strengthen the cell membrane

What is the role of protein channels in the cell membrane?

To allow some things through but not others

What is the main function of transporters in the cell membrane?

To transport glucose across the cell membrane

What is the role of receptors in the cell membrane?

To change the function of the cell

What is the function of cell identity markers in the cell membrane?

To identify cells belonging to self

What is cytoplasm?

The gel-like fluid inside the cell

During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell and attach to the spindle fibers?

Metaphase

What is the purpose of meiosis?

To produce sex cells

What happens during anaphase of mitosis?

The doubled chromosomes separate and move toward opposite ends of the cell

What is the function of the nucleolus?

To produce ribosomes

What is the composition of DNA + Protein?

Chromosomes

What is the purpose of interphase in the cell cycle?

To prepare for mitosis

What is the main difference between meiosis and mitosis?

Meiosis produces sex cells, while mitosis produces two identical daughter cells

What is the acronym used to remember the phases of mitosis?

PMAT

Which type of tissue is most affected by cancer cells?

Epithelial tissue

What is the purpose of the nucleolus in a cell?

To produce ribosomes

What is the role of centrioles during cell division?

To organize the chromosomes

Which phase of mitosis involves the separation of chromosomes?

Anaphase

What is the function of lysosomes in a cell?

To break down waste products

Which type of tissue is most affected by cancer cells?

Epithelial tissue

What is the function of proteins in the body?

Structural support, enzymatic activity, and transportation

What is the composition of DNA + Protein?

Chromosomes

What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)?

Synthesis of lipids and steroids

What is the function of lysosomes in a cell?

Breakdown of waste products

What is the function of cilia in the human body?

Sweeping things across the cell membrane

What is the function of flagella in cells?

Movement of cells

What is the function of mitochondria in a cell?

Cellular respiration

What is the function of proteins in the body?

Structural support

What is a mutation?

A variation in the gene resulting in a different protein

Which phase of mitosis involves the separation of chromosomes?

Anaphase

What is the composition of DNA + Protein?

Chromosomes

What is the function of the nucleolus?

Produces ribosomes

What is the purpose of interphase in the cell cycle?

To perform cell functions

Which type of tissue is most affected by cancer cells?

Epithelial tissue

What is the function of the cell cycle?

To perform cell functions

During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell and attach to the spindle fibers?

Metaphase

What is the acronym used to remember the phases of mitosis?

PMAT

Which part of the cell cycle is responsible for doubling the number of chromosomes?

Interphase

Which of the following is NOT a function of the cell membrane?

Producing new cells

What is the primary function of the cytoplasm?

To provide a gel-like fluid inside the cell

What is the main function of protein channels in the cell membrane?

To allow some things in and out of the cell

What is the role of receptors in the cell membrane?

To change the function of the cell

What is the function of cholesterol in the cell membrane?

To strengthen the cell membrane

What is the primary function of transporters in the cell membrane?

To transport glucose across the cell membrane

What is the primary function of cell identity markers in the cell membrane?

To identify cells belonging to self

What is the primary function of lysosomes in a cell?

To break down waste material

What is the function of cilia in the human body?

To sweep things across the cell membrane

What is the role of enzymes in chemical reactions?

To act as catalysts and speed up chemical reactions

Which phase of the cell cycle is responsible for protein synthesis and respiration?

Interphase

What is the function of lysosomes in a cell?

To break down waste products

Which type of tissue is most affected by cancer cells?

Epithelial tissue

Which of the following is NOT a component of the cell membrane?

Calcium

What is the primary function of the cell membrane?

To allow selective permeability

What is the role of receptors in the cell membrane?

To change the function of the cell when attached to

During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell and attach to the spindle fibers?

Metaphase

What is the purpose of interphase in the cell cycle?

To prepare the cell for mitosis

What is the main difference between meiosis and mitosis?

Meiosis produces sex cells, while mitosis produces two identical daughter cells

Which type of tissue is most affected by cancer cells?

Epithelial tissue

What is the function of centrioles during cell division?

To form spindle fibers

What is the composition of DNA + Protein?

Chromosomes

Study Notes

Functions and Structures of the Cell

  • The cell is the basic unit of life, varying in size, shape, and function.
  • The cell membrane, made of phospholipids, surrounds and shapes the cell, acting as a boundary.
  • The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing some substances to pass through while preventing others.
  • The cell membrane contains proteins such as channels, transporters, receptors, and markers.
  • The cytoplasm is a gel-like fluid inside the cell containing organelles, proteins, lipids, carbs, and electrolytes.
  • Organelles are structures in the cell that perform specific functions, such as the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, centrioles, cilia, flagella, and mitochondria.
  • The nucleus is the command center of the cell, containing chromosomes made of DNA and proteins.
  • Endoplasmic reticulum serves as a transportation system for materials in the cell, with smooth and rough types.
  • Lysosomes contain digestive enzymes and clean up the cell by breaking down waste.
  • Centrioles organize chromosomes during cell division.
  • Cilia sweep across the cell membrane, moving mucus and trapped particles out of the respiratory tract.
  • Mitochondria are the site of cellular respiration, converting glucose and oxygen into ATP energy and carbon dioxide.

Test your knowledge on the cell cycle and cell division with this quiz! Learn about the different phases of the cell cycle, including interphase and mitosis. Explore the concepts of protein synthesis and respiration during interphase, as well as the doubling of chromosomes in preparation for mitosis. Discover the two types of cell division: meiosis and mitosis.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser