The 6 Navigation Acts: Overview

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Match the Navigation Act with its description:

1st Navigation Act 1650 = Foreign vessels prohibited from trading with English colonies 2nd Navigation Act 1651 = Clarified colonial origins and required goods to be carried in English ships or ships of origin 3rd Navigation Act 1660 = Defined English or colonial ships and listed enumerated goods for trade Staple Act 1663 = Required goods going to colonies from foreign countries to pass through England first

Match the Plantation Duties Act with its purpose:

Plantation Duties Act 1673 = Imposing a 4 ½ % export duty on enumerated goods before shipment Consolidating Act 1696 = Combining previous Acts for better enforcement Staple Act 1663 = Raising revenue for the Crown and discouraging smuggling 3rd Navigation Act 1660 = Defining criteria for English or colonial ships and enumerated goods

Match the purpose with the corresponding Navigation Act clause:

Raise revenue for the Crown = Plantation Duties Act 1673 Discourage smuggling = Staple Act 1663 Define criteria for English or colonial ships and enumerated goods = 3rd Navigation Act 1660 Clarify colonial origins and ship requirements = 2nd Navigation Act 1651

Match the following Acts with their impact:

Consolidating Act 1696 = Combining previous Acts for better enforcement 1st Navigation Act 1650 = Prohibiting foreign vessels from trading with English colonies Staple Act 1663 = Requiring goods going to colonies from foreign countries to pass through England first Plantation Duties Act 1673 = Imposing export duty on enumerated goods before shipment

Match the key provision with the corresponding Navigation Act:

Prohibiting foreign vessels from trading with English colonies = 1st Navigation Act 1650 Imposing export duty on enumerated goods before shipment = Plantation Duties Act 1673 Requiring goods going to colonies from foreign countries to pass through England first = Staple Act 1663 Defining criteria for English or colonial ships and enumerated goods = 3rd Navigation Act 1660

Match the description with the correct navigation regulation:

Goods must be carried in English ships or ships of origin country = 2nd Navigation Act 1651 Listed enumerated goods for trade and defined English or colonial ships = 3rd Navigation Act 1660 Required foreign goods going to colonies to pass through England first = Staple Act 1663 Imposed an export duty on tropical produce before shipment from colonies = Plantation Duties Act 1673

Match the enforcement measure with the corresponding act:

Combining previous Acts for better enforcement = Consolidating Act 1696 Prohibiting foreign vessels from trading with English colonies = 1st Navigation Act 1650 Requiring goods to pass through England before reaching colonies = Staple Act 1663 Imposing an export duty on tropical produce before shipment from English colonies = Plantation Duties Act 1673

Match the regulation purpose with the appropriate act:

Raising revenue for the Crown and discouraging smuggling = Staple Act 1663 Imposing an export duty on enumerated goods before shipment from colonies = Plantation Duties Act 1673 Combining previous Acts for better enforcement measures = Consolidating Act 1696 Defining criteria for English or colonial ships and listed goods for trade = 3rd Navigation Act 1660

Match the key detail with its corresponding navigation regulation:

Prohibited foreign vessels from trading with English colonies = 1st Navigation Act 1650 Required goods going to colonies from foreign countries to pass through England first = Staple Act 1663 Imposed an export duty on tropical produce before shipment from English colonies = $4.5%$ Plantation Duties Act 1673 Defined an English or colonial ship as one where captain and crew were English, Irish, or colonial, and listed enumerated goods for trade. = $75 rac{1}{4}$% Plantation Duties Act 1673

Study Notes

The 6 Navigation Acts

  • Initially aimed at cutting the Dutch out of British colonial trade and keeping English colonial trade exclusively for England.

1st Navigation Act (1650)

  • Prohibited foreign vessels from trading with English colonies.
  • Mandated that all Colonial goods must be carried in English ships.

2nd Navigation Act (1651)

  • Clarified colonial origins: Africa, America, or Asia.
  • Goods must be carried in English ships or ships of the country of origin of the goods.

3rd Navigation Act (1660)

  • Defined an English or colonial ship as one where the captain and ¾ of the crew were English, Irish, or colonial.
  • Enumerated goods (tropical produce) could only be carried to England or another English colony.

The Staple Act (1663)

  • Goods going to the colonies from foreign countries had to pass through England first.
  • Exceptions were made for certain goods, such as wine from the Azores.

The Plantation Duties Act (1673)

  • Enumerated goods (tropical produce) had to pay a 4 ½ % export duty before shipment from the English colonies.
  • Aims:
    • Raise revenue for the Crown.
    • Discourage smuggling.

The Consolidating Act (1696)

  • Consolidated all previous Navigation Acts.
  • Allowed for better enforcement, including:
    • Collecting customs duties.
    • Setting up Vice-Admiralty Courts with special judges to deal with breaches of the Navigation Acts.

Explore the purpose and key provisions of the first two Navigation Acts implemented by England in the 17th century to regulate colonial trade. Learn about the restrictions on foreign vessels trading with English colonies and the requirement for colonial goods to be transported in English ships.

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