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Terrestrial Ecosystems Management

Learn about the meaning and origins of the term 'terrestrial' and how it relates to Earth and land-based environments. Discover how it applies to organisms and ecosystems that thrive on land.

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Questions and Answers

What is the origin of the word 'terrestrial'?

The Latin word for 'earth' or 'land'

What type of organisms live on land rather than in water or in the air?

Terrestrial organisms

What is the term used to describe ecosystems that occur on land?

Terrestrial ecosystems

Who is widely regarded as the founder of the field of ecosystem ecology?

<p>Arthur Tansley</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term coined by Arthur Tansley in 1935?

<p>Ecosystem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an ecosystem composed of?

<p>Living and non-living components</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where did Arthur Tansley study?

<p>University of Cambridge</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where was Arthur Tansley born?

<p>London, England</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key characteristic that distinguishes one ecosystem from another?

<p>The complexity of interacting factors that influence the ecosystem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was Arthur Tansley's primary contribution to the field of ecology?

<p>The introduction of the concept of ecosystem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)?

<p>The conservation of natural resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the integration of all living and non-living factors in an environment?

<p>Ecosystem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What honor was awarded to Arthur Tansley in 1950?

<p>The Royal Society's Darwin Medal</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role did Arthur Tansley play in the establishment of the British Ecological Society?

<p>He was a founder</p> Signup and view all the answers

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Study Notes

Terrestrial

  • Refers to things related to Earth or land-based environments
  • Derived from the Latin word "terra", meaning "earth" or "land"
  • Terrestrial organisms live on land rather than in water or in the air
  • Terrestrial ecosystems occur on land, such as forests, grasslands, and deserts

Ecosystem

  • Coined by Arthur Tansley in 1935
  • Refers to a community of living organisms and non-living components of their environment
  • Living and non-living factors interact with each other in complex ways, creating a self-regulating system
  • Each ecosystem is unique, characterized by a complex set of interacting factors

Arthur Tansley

  • British ecologist and botanist (1871-1955)
  • Regarded as the founder of ecosystem ecology
  • Studied at the University of Cambridge
  • Introduced the concept of the ecosystem as a fundamental unit of ecological study
  • Defined ecosystem as "a system resulting from the integration of all living and non-living factors of the environment"
  • Was a pioneer in the use of quantitative methods in ecology
  • Was a founding member and president of the British Ecological Society
  • Played a key role in the establishment of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  • Was a strong advocate for conservation and environmental protection
  • Awarded numerous honors, including the Royal Society's Darwin Medal in 1950

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