Supercomputers Overview

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16 Questions

Which type of computer is commonly used in space technology centers?

Super computers

Which type of computer can handle multiple users, but is smaller in size than mainframe computers?

Mini computers

Which type of computer is typically used in large organizations, but has a lower speed and memory capacity than super computers?

Mainframe computers

Which type of computer has the highest speed and memory capacity, and can carry out enormously complex scientific calculations?

Super computers

Which type of computer is a single-user system and serves only one user at a time?

Microcomputers

Which type of computer is typically used in small organizations and has relatively lower speed?

Microcomputers

Which type of computer is used for intercontinental communications?

Super computers

Which type of computer has a secondary memory capacity of about 20 times its primary memory?

Super computers

Which type of computer is used in meteorology stations?

Super computers

Which type of computer uses terminals for inputs and outputs?

Mini computers

Which type of computer has a primary memory capacity of about 80 million characters?

Super computers

Which type of computer is typically used in a home or personal office?

Microcomputers

Which type of computer is commonly used in astronomical observatories?

Super computers

Which type of computer is typically used in airline organizations?

Super computers

Which type of computer can handle multiple users and is smaller in size than mainframe computers?

Mini computers

Which type of computer is typically used in small organizations?

Mini computers

Study Notes

Types of Computers

  • Supercomputers are the fastest, largest, and most powerful type of computer, with speeds of hundreds of millions of operations per second.
  • They have a primary memory capacity of around 80 million characters and a secondary memory capacity of about 20 times that of the primary memory.
  • Supercomputers are multi-user systems, capable of handling users from an intercontinental range.
  • They are used for processing huge amounts of data and are commonly found in space technology centers, meteorology stations, astronomical observatories, intercontinental communications, and airline organizations.
  • They can carry out enormously complex scientific calculations.

Mainframe Computers

  • Mainframe computers are smaller in size and capacity, with lower speeds and memory capacity compared to supercomputers.
  • They are multi-user systems, capable of handling hundreds of users, and are usually used in large organizations.

Mini Computers

  • Mini computers have relatively lower speeds and are smaller in size than mainframe computers.
  • They are capable of handling multiple users and use terminals for input and output.
  • Mini computers are commonly used in small organizations.

Microcomputers

  • Microcomputers, also known as personal or desktop computers, have a CPU that is a microprocessor.
  • A microprocessor is a processor with all components on a single integrated-circuit chip.
  • Due to its single-circuit design, a microcomputer can only serve a single user at a time.
  • Most home and personal office computers are microcomputers, and their relative performance and usage have increased at a very high rate.

Learn about supercomputers, the fastest and most powerful types of computers that are capable of carrying out complex scientific calculations and processing huge amounts of data. Discover their primary and secondary memory capacities, as well as their multi-user capabilities and applications in various fields such as space technology and meteorology.

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