Speech Writing Process
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Speech Writing Process

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Questions and Answers

What is the main purpose of the pre-writing stage in speech writing?

To research and gather information

What is the first part of a scripted speech?

The Heading/Title

What is the purpose of the introduction in a scripted speech?

To heighten the interest of the audience

Why is it important to research in the pre-writing stage?

<p>To gather information to support the speech</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is included in the Heading/Title of a scripted speech?

<p>The subject, date, venue, and speaker's name</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of the Salutation in a scripted speech?

<p>To acknowledge and appreciate members of the audience</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should the Introduction do in a scripted speech?

<p>Heighten the interest of the audience</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important to know who the dignitaries are in the audience?

<p>To acknowledge them in the Salutation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one way to catch the audience's attention?

<p>Raising a rhetorical question</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of using discourse markers in a speech?

<p>To link or connect thoughts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one characteristic of a good conclusion?

<p>It should be strong</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one thing the body of a speech should be written in?

<p>Clear language</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of summarizing the main points in a conclusion?

<p>To give clues that the speech is ending</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one way to ensure the objectives of a speech are achievable?

<p>By writing the body in clear language</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is speech making according to Oloruntoba-Oju and Alabi (2013)?

<p>The act of delivering an address to an audience</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be avoided in a speech?

<p>Using ambiguous expressions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of speech making according to the text?

<p>False-starts, hesitation, and vocabulary grope</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a type of speech that is delivered with no forethought?

<p>Impromptu speech</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the difference between speech writing and speech making?

<p>Speech writing has more vocabulary, precision, and coherence</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the importance of non-verbal cues in speech making?

<p>They substitute, contradict, and complement spoken words</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a factor that affects the method of speech delivery?

<p>The audience, occasion, context, or situation of the speech</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of lectures given through virtual means?

<p>The audience is not physically present</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a consequence of performative instability in speech making?

<p>False-starts, hesitation, and vocabulary grope</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an aspect of communication in speech making?

<p>Both verbal and non-verbal cues</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of impromptu speech?

<p>To evaluate the speaker's competence</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of manuscript speech?

<p>It is well-structured and thought-out</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main criticism of manuscript speech?

<p>It is often boring and disallows eye-contact</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of speech is in between impromptu and manuscript speech?

<p>Extemporaneous speech</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a benefit of extemporaneous speech?

<p>It allows for audience contributions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is impromptu speech used to evaluate a person's competence?

<p>Because it is spontaneous and shows the person's ability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between manuscript and extemporaneous speech?

<p>Extemporaneous speech is more structured</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of impromptu speech?

<p>It uses repetitive structures and vocal fillers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the advantage of using a defined speech outline in extemporaneous speech?

<p>It ensures that no point is left out</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main disadvantage of memorised speech?

<p>It does not encourage eye contact with the audience</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the advantage of discussion speech?

<p>It engages the audience raptly</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of audience analysis?

<p>To ensure effective communication with the audience</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the disadvantage of discussion speech?

<p>It does not allow for extensive responses</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the advantage of extemporaneous speech?

<p>It allows for more flexibility in the delivery of the speech</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the anchor person in discussion speech?

<p>To raise questions and expect answers from the panel</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the disadvantage of memorised speech in terms of the audience?

<p>It may lead to the audience being prodded into taking a particular action</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Speech Writing Stages

  • The pre-writing stage involves researching the topic, brainstorming ideas, and sourcing information through research, interviews, and surveys.
  • The writing stage involves structuring the speech into five parts: heading/title, salutation, introduction, body, and conclusion.

Scripted Speech Structure

  • The heading/title includes the subject, date, venue, occasion, and speaker's name, with no full stop at the end.
  • The salutation acknowledges and appreciates the audience, listing dignitaries from most senior to junior.
  • The introduction should be concise, draw the audience's attention, and serve as a preview of the body of the speech.
  • The body should be written in clear language, with thoughts arranged in chronological order, using discourse and cohesive markers to link ideas.
  • The conclusion should summarize the main points, use rhetorical questions, popular sayings, or memorable quotes, and end on a strong note.

Speech Making Peculiarities

  • Audience presence or absence affects speech delivery.
  • Immediacy of feedback allows for immediate responses from the audience.
  • Locutionary range is limited in speech making compared to writing.
  • Performative instability includes false-starts, hesitation, and performance slips.
  • Topic instability occurs when topics change during speech.
  • Extra-linguistic and paralinguistic reinforcement involves using non-verbal cues to support spoken words.

Speech Delivery Modes

  • Impromptu speech is delivered without prior preparation, often spontaneous, and lacks a coherent structure.
  • Manuscript speech is a written text, organized and thought-out, but may be boring and lack audience engagement.
  • Extemporaneous speech uses a defined speech outline, engages the audience, and allows for flexibility.
  • Memorized speech can be impressive, but lacks eye contact, and may lead to brain-blocks.
  • Discussion speech involves deliberation between an anchor person and respondents, engaging the audience but may be time-bound and allow for discourse interruptions.

Audience Analysis

  • The audience is the decoder of speech, and a successful speech effectively communicates its intentions to the audience.

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