Solid Waste Management in Environmental Engineering Quiz

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20 Questions

What is the definition of solid waste?

Solid waste is the unwanted or useless solid materials generated from combined residential, industrial, and commercial activities in a given area.

What is the process of solid waste management?

Solid waste management involves collection, transportation, and disposal of solid waste in a systematic, economic, and hygienic manner.

Based on their sources of origin, which of the following is NOT a classification of solid waste?

Hospital wastes

Which of the following is classified as garbage?

Residual vegetable or animal wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking, and eating of foods

From which source do ashes as a type of solid waste mainly originate?

Household

What is the purpose of the National Solid Waste Management Department?

To develop and recommend solid waste management policies and plans

Which type of waste is specifically managed by the Department of Environment?

Hazardous or scheduled waste

What is the main objective of solid waste management?

To dispose of discarded materials in an environmentally responsible manner

What are the 4 basic areas in which decisions are made in solid waste management policy formulation?

Collection, transport, processing, disposal

What is the purpose of the Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672)?

To establish standards and specifications for solid waste management

Which department was established to develop and recommend solid waste management and public cleansing policies, plans, and strategies?

National Solid Waste Management Department

What is the main objective of solid waste management?

To dispose the discarded materials in an environmentally responsible manner

Which type of waste is specifically managed by the Ministry of Health?

Hazardous or scheduled waste

What decision areas are included in solid waste management policy formulation?

Collection, Transport, Processing

What is the specific purpose of the Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672)?

To prevent the spread of disease through proper waste disposal

Which of the following best defines solid waste management?

The process of collecting, treating, and disposing of solid material that is discarded because it is no longer of use

What is the primary source of garbage as a type of solid waste?

Houses and hotels

Which of the following is NOT classified as a type of solid waste based on its physical nature?

Garbage

What distinguishes residential waste from industrial waste in solid waste classification?

Source of origin

What does the process of solid waste management primarily aim to achieve?

Systematic and hygienic collection, transportation, and disposal of solid waste

Study Notes

Solid Waste Definition and Classification

  • Solid waste refers to unwanted or discarded materials, whether combustible or non-combustible, that are discarded or rejected as useless or worthless.

Solid Waste Management Process

  • The process of solid waste management involves the collection, transportation, treatment, and disposal of solid waste.

Classification of Solid Waste

  • Classification of solid waste is based on its source of origin, including:
    • Residential waste (from households)
    • Industrial waste (from industrial activities)
    • Commercial waste (from commercial activities)
    • Institutional waste (from institutions such as schools and hospitals)
    • Construction waste (from construction activities)
    • Agricultural waste (from agricultural activities)
  • Classifications of solid waste based on its physical nature include:
    • Garbage (food waste, paper, cloth, etc.)
    • Ashes (from incineration or burning of materials)
    • Bulk waste (large items such as furniture, appliances, etc.)
    • Hazardous waste (toxic or dangerous materials)

National Solid Waste Management Department

  • The purpose of the National Solid Waste Management Department is to develop and implement policies, plans, and strategies for solid waste management.

Department of Environment and Ministry of Health Roles

  • The Department of Environment is responsible for managing hazardous waste.
  • The Ministry of Health is responsible for managing clinical waste.

Solid Waste Management Objectives

  • The main objective of solid waste management is to reduce the negative impacts of solid waste on the environment and public health.

Policy Formulation

  • Solid waste management policy formulation involves decision-making in four key areas:
    • Waste generation reduction
    • Waste collection and transportation
    • Waste treatment and disposal
    • Waste recycling and reuse

Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672)

  • The purpose of the Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672) is to regulate and manage solid waste and public cleansing activities in Malaysia.
  • The Act aims to promote sustainable solid waste management practices and reduce the negative impacts of solid waste on the environment and public health.

Solid Waste Management Decision Areas

  • Solid waste management decision areas include:
    • Waste reduction
    • Waste collection and transportation
    • Waste treatment and disposal
    • Waste recycling and reuse

Primary Source of Garbage

  • The primary source of garbage is households.

Test your knowledge of solid waste management in environmental engineering with this quiz. Explore the definition and processes involved in managing solid waste, including collection, transportation, and disposal.

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