Social Determinants of Health

BetterFoil avatar
BetterFoil
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

16 Questions

What is the main focus of the Social-Ecological Model in understanding health?

The influence of various factors at multiple levels on health

Which level of the Social-Ecological Model involves formal and informal social networks and support systems?

Interpersonal level

What is the primary goal of community-based programs in the Social-Ecological Model?

To target determinants at the community level

Which level of the Social-Ecological Model involves local, state, and national laws and policies?

Public policy level

What is the result of combining individual, community, and policy interventions in anti-smoking initiatives?

Reduced smoking prevalence

What is the importance of policies in global health, according to the Social-Ecological Model?

They shape socioeconomic factors and healthcare access

What is the primary strategy for addressing determinants of health in global health policy?

Addressing inequalities and promoting education and employment

What is the focus of the consensus statement by Shaping America's Health and the Obesity Society?

The influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity

What is the primary importance of understanding social determinants of health?

To create policies for health equity

Which of the following is NOT an example of social determinants of health?

Genetic makeup

What is the correlation between socioeconomic status and health outcomes?

Higher socioeconomic status correlates with better health

What is the impact of economic determinants on global health?

Strong economies are linked to better-funded healthcare

What is the influence of political stability on healthcare infrastructure?

Stable regions tend to have better healthcare infrastructure

What is the Social-Ecological Model used for?

To understand the multifaceted and interactive effects of personal and environmental factors that determine behaviors that affect health

What is the result of limited access to healthcare and nutritious food in low-income areas?

Higher rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases

What is the definition of social determinants of health?

Conditions influencing health where people are born, grow, live, work, and age

Study Notes

Social Determinants of Health

  • Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) are conditions influencing health where people are born, grow, live, work, and age.
  • Examples of SDOH: socioeconomic status, education, social support, access to healthcare, and physical environment.

Influence of Social Determinants on Health Outcomes

  • Social determinants shape health outcomes significantly.
  • Higher socioeconomic status correlates with better health, while poverty is linked to higher rates of chronic diseases.
  • Example: Low-income areas face limited access to healthcare and nutritious food, resulting in higher rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.

Economic Determinants Impacting Global Health

  • Economic determinants: GDP, income inequality, and employment.
  • Strong economies are linked to better-funded healthcare and higher life expectancies.

Political Determinants Impacting Global Health

  • Political stability influences investment in healthcare and social welfare.
  • Example: Stable regions tend to have better healthcare infrastructure, while conflict leads to the breakdown of healthcare systems, resulting in increased rates of malnutrition and infectious diseases.

Social-Ecological Model Overview

  • The Social-Ecological Model is a theory-based framework used to understand the multifaceted and interactive effects of personal and environmental factors that determine behaviors that affect health.
  • The model comprises five components:
    • Individual level: biological and personal factors such as age, education, income, attitudes, beliefs, and skills.
    • Interpersonal level: formal and informal social networks and support systems.
    • Organizational level: rules, regulations, policies, and informal structures within organizations.
    • Community level: relationships among organizations, institutions, and informational networks within defined boundaries.
    • Public policy level: local, state, and national laws and policies that regulate or support healthy practices and behaviors.

Application of Social-Ecological Model in Global Health

  • Design of interventions: targeting determinants at various levels.
  • Strategy: community-based programs and policy changes.
  • Example: anti-smoking initiatives combining individual, community, and policy interventions, resulting in a reduction in smoking prevalence.

Addressing Determinants of Health in Global Health Policy

  • Importance: policies shape socioeconomic factors and healthcare access.
  • Strategies: addressing inequalities, promoting education and employment.

This quiz covers the social determinants of health, including economic and political factors, and how they impact global health outcomes. Learn about the social-ecological model and its importance in developing effective health interventions and policies.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Healthcare Policy and Decision Making
18 questions
Health for All by 2000 AD
12 questions
Health Systems and Economic Regulation
38 questions
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser