Skin Anatomy and Physiology

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18 Questions

What is the primary function of the skin?

to protect the underlying tissues and organs

What is the skin's role in maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance?

playing a vital role in fluid and electrolyte balance

What is the skin thicker on?

the palms and soles

What is the skin's role in immunity?

playing a vital role in immunity

How does the skin regulate body temperature?

through vasodilation and evaporation of perspiration

What is the integumentary system comprised of?

skin, hair, and exocrine glands

What is the primary function of melanin in the skin?

To protect the skin from UV rays

What is the main component of the dermis layer?

Collagen fibers

What is the primary function of sebaceous glands?

To produce sebum for waterproofing the hair and skin

Which type of sweat gland is associated with hair follicles?

Apocrine glands

What is the primary function of the subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis)?

To store fat as an energy reserve and provide insulation

What is the location of apocrine glands in the body?

Only in the axillae, perineum, and areolae of the breasts

What is the main function of the Stratum corneum?

To render the skin waterproof

Which layer of the skin is responsible for cell division?

Stratum basale

What is the purpose of melanin in the skin?

To give the skin its color

What is the function of the Stratum lucidum?

To appear as a thin, lighter layer on the palms and soles

What is the role of keratin in the skin?

To form the outer skin layer

What is the function of the Stratum granulosum?

To mature keratinocytes

This quiz covers the basics of skin anatomy, including the layers of the skin, melanin, and the functions of the dermis. Understand the structure and functions of the skin's layers.

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