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# Selection Sort Algorithm Quiz

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@RegalIndigo

### In computer science, what is selection sort and what is its time complexity?

Selection sort is an in-place comparison sorting algorithm with a time complexity of O(n^2).

### What are the advantages and disadvantages of selection sort compared to insertion sort?

Selection sort generally performs worse than insertion sort on large lists due to its O(n^2) time complexity, but it has performance advantages over more complicated algorithms in situations where auxiliary memory is limited.

### What is the time efficiency of selection sort and how does it compare to other sorting techniques?

The time efficiency of selection sort is quadratic. There are other sorting techniques with better time complexity than selection sort.

### How does selection sort divide the input list and proceed with sorting?

<p>The algorithm divides the input list into a sorted sublist and an unsorted sublist. It then finds the smallest (or largest) element in the unsorted sublist, swaps it with the leftmost unsorted element, and moves the sublist boundaries one element to the right.</p> Signup and view all the answers

### In what type of list structures can selection sort be used, and why?

<p>Selection sort can be used on list structures that make add and remove efficient, such as a linked list, due to its in-place nature and lack of additional memory requirements.</p> Signup and view all the answers

## Study Notes

### Selection Sort Overview

• Selection sort is a simple sorting algorithm that works by selecting the smallest (or largest) element from the unsorted portion of the list and swapping it with the first element of the unsorted portion.

### Time Complexity

• The time complexity of selection sort is O(n^2) in all cases (best, average, and worst), making it inefficient for large lists.

### Comparison to Insertion Sort

• Advantages of selection sort over insertion sort: fewer comparisons are required, and it is more efficient for lists with a large number of unique elements.
• Disadvantages of selection sort compared to insertion sort: more swaps are required, and it is less efficient for lists with a small number of unique elements.

### Time Efficiency

• Selection sort has a time efficiency of O(n^2), making it less efficient than other sorting algorithms like quicksort (O(n log n) on average) and mergesort (O(n log n) in all cases).
• However, selection sort is sufficient for small lists or lists with a specific structure.

### Sorting Process

• Selection sort divides the input list into two parts: a sorted portion and an unsorted portion.
• In each iteration, the smallest (or largest) element from the unsorted portion is selected and swapped with the first element of the unsorted portion.

### List Structures

• Selection sort can be used on list structures that support random access and swapping, such as arrays and dynamic arrays.
• It is not suitable for list structures that do not support random access or swapping, such as linked lists and trees.

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## Description

Test your knowledge about the selection sort algorithm, an in-place comparison sorting algorithm with O(n2) time complexity. Learn about its advantages and limitations compared to other sorting algorithms like insertion sort.

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