Scientific Writing 5,6 multi Quiz

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80 Questions

Which section of a research proposal is considered the most important?

Methodology

What should the introduction section of a research proposal begin with?

A general statement of the problem area

What should the review of literature section of a research proposal include?

An analysis of the published studies

Which section of a research proposal lists all the sources used in writing the report?

References

What is the purpose of a research proposal?

To define and formulate a research question

Which section of a research proposal provides the necessary background for the research problem?

Introduction

What should the title of a research proposal be?

All of the above

What should be included in the methodology section of a research proposal?

All of the above

Which style manual is recommended for referencing in a research proposal?

APA

What is the recommended length of a research proposal?

8-12 pages

Which step in writing a scientific report involves discussing the relevance of the results and how they fit with other research in the area?

Discussion

What is the purpose of the literature review in a scientific report?

To provide background information on the topic

Which section of a scientific report should clearly outline the methodology used in the research?

Methodology

What should be included in the conclusion of a scientific report?

A summary of the most significant results

What is the purpose of the abstract/synopsis in a scientific report?

To provide a brief overview of the report

What is the purpose of the references or bibliography section in a scientific report?

To list all references used in the report

What should be included in the appendices of a scientific report?

Extra information to add substance to the report

What is the purpose of a research proposal?

To outline the objectives of a research project

What do all research proposals share?

A formal plan outlining research objectives

What is the main purpose of a research proposal?

To obtain grants for conducting research

Which of the following is NOT one of the main divisions of a scientific report?

Conclusion

What should you do in Step 1 of writing a scientific report?

Analyze the task

What should you do in Step 2 of writing a scientific report?

Develop a rough plan

What should you do in Step 3 of writing a scientific report?

Do the research

What is the purpose of analyzing the task in writing a scientific report?

To develop a rough plan

What is the purpose of developing a rough plan in writing a scientific report?

To clarify the overall purpose

What is the purpose of doing the research in writing a scientific report?

To gather relevant information

What are the main divisions of a scientific report?

Preliminary material, Body, Supplementary material

What should you consider when analyzing the task in writing a scientific report?

All of the above

What should you include in the preliminary material section of a scientific report?

Introduction and background information

True or false: The research phase of producing a report usually takes the most time.

True

True or false: The literature review of a scientific report is typically more extensive than the literature review of a thesis.

False

True or false: The methodology section of a scientific report should be written in an active voice.

False

True or false: The results section of a scientific report includes the interpretation of the findings.

False

True or false: The discussion section of a scientific report relates back to the literature review and introductory statement.

True

True or false: The conclusion section of a scientific report may indicate areas where further research would be useful.

True

True or false: The recommendations section of a scientific report is listed in order of priority.

True

True or false: The abstract/synopsis of a scientific report provides a condensed overview of the entire report.

True

True or false: A scientific report is typically made up of three main divisions: preliminary material, body, and supplementary material.

True

True or false: The purpose of a scientific report can be analyzing, persuading, or reporting on an investigation.

True

True or false: The word limit of a scientific report usually includes the preliminary material and supplementary material.

False

True or false: The topic of a scientific report is always specified by the writer.

False

True or false: Developing a rough plan in writing a scientific report involves using section headings to assist with organizing the content.

True

True or false: Steps 1 and 2 in writing a scientific report guide the research process.

True

True or false: The literature review section is considered the most important section of a research proposal.

False

True or false: The purpose of doing research in writing a scientific report is to provide evidence and support for the main findings.

True

True or false: A research proposal is usually 8-12 pages in length.

True

True or false: The review of literature section of a research proposal should simply list all the related studies.

False

True or false: The methodology section of a research proposal describes the research sample, data collection method, measurement instruments, and data analysis procedures.

True

True or false: The Gantt chart is included in the methodology section of a research proposal.

False

True or false: The references section of a research proposal lists all the sources used in writing the report.

True

True or false: The references section of a research proposal should be in APA style.

True

True or false: A good research proposal helps in defining and formulating the research question.

True

True or false: A research proposal helps in avoiding wasting time in the literature search and data collection stages of the project.

True

True or false: The title of a research proposal should be concise, descriptive, and specific.

True

True or false: A scientific report is typically made up of three main divisions: preliminary material, body, and supplementary material.

True

True or false: Analyzing the task is the first step in writing a scientific report.

True

True or false: Developing a rough plan involves using section headings to assist with organizing the content.

True

True or false: Research is necessary when writing a scientific report.

True

True or false: A research proposal helps in avoiding wasting time in the literature search and data collection stages of the project.

True

True or false: The word limit of a scientific report usually includes the preliminary material and supplementary material.

False

True or false: The purpose of doing research in writing a scientific report is to provide evidence and support for the main findings.

True

True or false: The review of literature section of a research proposal should simply list all the related studies.

False

True or false: The review of literature section of a research proposal should simply list all the related studies.

False

True or false: The research methodology is the least important section of the research proposal.

False

True or false: Every source cited in the paper must be included in the references section of a research proposal.

True

True or false: The Gantt chart is included in the methodology section of a research proposal.

True

True or false: A research proposal is usually 8-12 pages in length.

True

True or false: The abstract/synopsis of a scientific report provides a condensed overview of the entire report.

True

True or false: A good research proposal helps in defining and formulating the research question.

True

True or false: The discussion section of a scientific report relates back to the literature review and introductory statement.

True

True or false: The purpose of a scientific report can be analyzing, persuading, or reporting on an investigation.

True

True or false: The literature review section of a scientific report is typically more extensive than the literature review of a thesis.

False

True or false: The methodology section of a research proposal describes the research sample, data collection method, measurement instruments, and data analysis procedures.

True

True or false: A research proposal helps in avoiding wasting time in the literature search and data collection stages of the project.

True

True or false: The purpose of a scientific report can be analyzing, persuading, or reporting on an investigation.

True

True or false: The abstract/synopsis of a scientific report provides a condensed overview of the entire report.

True

True or false: The results section of a scientific report includes the interpretation of the findings.

False

True or false: The discussion section of a scientific report relates back to the literature review and introductory statement.

True

True or false: The Gantt chart is included in the methodology section of a research proposal.

False

Test your knowledge on scientific writing with this quiz! Learn about the structure of a scientific report, how to write a research proposal, and more. Perfect for Bio 881 students at PNU taking the 5th and 6th lectures.

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