19 Head and Neck ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

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43 Questions

What is the most common injured nerve with parotid surgery?

Greater auricular nerve

Which tumor is the #1 tumor overall of the salivary glands?

Pleomorphic adenoma

What is the primary treatment for a Warthin’s tumor?

Superficial parotidectomy

What is the most common injured nerve with submandibular gland resection?

Marginal mandibular nerve

Which is the most common salivary gland tumor in children?

Hemangiomas

What is the most common cause of suppurative parotitis?

Dehydration

Which tumor is the most common childhood aural malignancy?

Rhabdomyosarcoma

What is the recommended treatment for cauliflower ear to avoid complications?

Drain undrained hematomas

What is the primary diagnostic method for detecting acoustic neuroma?

MRI

What is the recommended treatment for ear cholesteatoma?

Surgical excision

What is the most common cause of epistaxis (nosebleed)?

Posterior nasal bleeding

Which condition is associated with a failure of tongue fusion?

Median rhomboid glossitis

What is the most common distant metastasis for primary head and neck tumors?

Lung

What is the recommended treatment for sleep apnea in obese individuals with micrognathia/retrognathia?

CPAP

What is the first recommended step when epidermoid carcinoma (SCCA variant) is found in a cervical node without a known primary?

Panendoscopy to look for primary

What may be needed as a last resort to secure the airway in the case of laryngeal foreign body?

Cricothyroidotomy

What risk increases with the length of time an esophageal foreign body remains in place?

Perforation risk

Which condition may result as a complication of untreated acute supportive otitis media?

Mastoiditis

What may be considered in patients who will require intubation for more than 7-14 days?

Tracheostomy

[difficult] What should be used to rule out perforation after fever and pain following rigid esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for foreign body?

Gastrografin

[difficult] What type of infection is mastoiditis?

Bacterial infection

Where are the false vocal cords located in relation to the true vocal cords?

Superior

Which nerve runs between the internal jugular (IJ) vein and the carotid artery?

Vagus nerve

Which gland secretes mostly serous fluid?

Parotid gland

Where does the long thoracic nerve run?

Posterior to the middle scalene muscle

What is the distribution of serous and mucin secretion in the submandibular glands?

50% serous, 50% mucin

Which muscle does the accessory nerve innervate?

Trapezius

The trigeminal nerve gives sensation to most of the face and innervates which muscle group?

Mastication muscles

Where is the marginal mandibular nerve located in relation to the mouth?

Medial

Which nerve provides motor function to the face?

Facial nerve

Which triangle contains the carotid sheath?

Anterior neck triangle

Which cranial nerve injury is associated with the deviation of the tongue to the same side?

Hypoglossal nerve

What is the most common cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx?

Squamous cell carcinoma

Which nerve innervates all of the larynx except the cricothyroid muscle?

Recurrent laryngeal nerve

What is the primary diagnostic method for detecting nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma?

Nasopharyngeal biopsy

What is considered more premalignant than leukoplakia in the oral cavity?

Erythroplakia

Which malignancy presents with hoarseness and early metastases?

Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

What is the primary treatment for verrucous ulcer?

$1^{st}$ line surgical resection

Which benign tumor presents with obstruction or epistaxis in males younger than 20 years?

$1^{st}$ branchial cleft cyst

Which salivary gland tumor has a propensity to invade nerve roots and is very sensitive to radiation therapy?

Adenoid cystic carcinoma

Which cancer of maxillary sinus requires maxillectomy as treatment?

Squamous cell carcinoma

Which benign neoplasm presents with nose bleeding or obstruction and occurs predominantly in males younger than 20 years?

Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

What is the primary diagnostic method for detecting oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma?

Tonsillectomy

Test your knowledge of benign and malignant tumors of the salivary glands, surgical treatments, and common nerve injuries associated with parotid and submandibular surgeries.

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