Radioactive Materials Regulations Quiz
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Radioactive Materials Regulations Quiz

Test your knowledge on federal regulations related to packaging, receipt, and shipping of radioactive materials, including radiation limits, ALARA principles, and DOT regulations. Learn about the definition of radioactive material and its specific characteristics for shipping purposes.

Created by
@SweepingSapphire

Questions and Answers

What does the acronym ALARA stand for in the context of NRC regulations?

As Low as Reasonably Achievable

Under NRC regulations, what do occupationally exposed workers and licensees have to do in relation to radiation exposure?

Minimize radiation exposure as much as possible

What is the Investigational Level in the NUREG-1556 model program based on?

10% of occupational exposure limit

What should a Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) do if an employee exceeds the Investigational Level?

<p>Work with the employee to reduce exposure</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to NRC regulations, what must a licensee develop and implement to ensure compliance?

<p>Radiation protection program</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be done if the dose to an embryo/fetus exceeds certain levels during pregnancy according to NRC regulations?

<p>The dose limit should be reduced for the remainder of pregnancy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do occupationally exposed workers need if they are likely to receive more than 10% of annual limits?

<p>Personal radiation monitoring devices</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Unrestricted area' in NRC regulations refers to an area that is:

<p>Where access is not limited and not controlled by licensee</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why must licensees retain records of exposures for occupationally exposed individuals who have been monitored?

<p>To evaluate cumulative occupational radiation dose</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why should surveys be conducted as reasonable according to NRC regulations?

<p>To determine radiation levels and evaluate potential hazards</p> Signup and view all the answers

What information must be included in survey and calibration records retained for 3 years?

<p>Date of survey, results, instrument used, and name of individual who performed the survey</p> Signup and view all the answers

In a VERY HIGH RADIATION AREA, an individual could receive an absorbed radiation dose exceeding how many rads in 1 hour at 1 meter from the source?

<p>500 rads</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of area is defined as one where radiation levels could result in an individual receiving a dose equivalent exceeding 0.005 rem in 1 hour at 30 cm from the source?

<p>RADIATION area</p> Signup and view all the answers

When should monitoring be performed for packages received during regular working hours?

<p>Within 3 hours</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be done prior to shipping packages containing radioactive materials?

<p>Perform wipe tests and attach an appropriate radioactive label</p> Signup and view all the answers

How long should package surveys be retained?

<p>3 years</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be done if removable surface contamination exceeds 2 dpm/cm2 or survey meter reading exceeds 200 mrem/h from any point on the package surface?

<p>Notify final delivery carrier and NRC</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is required for radioactive materials in a room for less than 8 hours with a person present at all times to prevent exposure beyond limits?

<p>$20.1903 Caution sign only</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Caution: RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL' areas should be posted for what condition?

<p>&gt;10x quantity specified in regulations</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Geiger-Muller survey' monitoring is required only for packages containing quantities of radioactive material greater than or equal to which type?

<p>$20.1902 Type I quantities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the specific gravity requirement for a material to be considered radioactive for shipping purposes as per DOT regulations?

<p>Greater than 0.002 Ci/g</p> Signup and view all the answers

What procedure is required to be done to a package before shipping radioactive materials according to the text?

<p>Check for removable contamination with a wipe test</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be indicated on the 'RADIOACTIVE' label to be attached to a package with radioactive materials before shipping?

<p>Transport Index</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the maximum permissible surface level of removable contamination on packaging as specified by DOT regulations?

<p>2 dpm/cm*</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it necessary to adhere to DOT regulations when shipping radioactive materials?

<p>To ensure compliance with federal laws</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT part of the packaging procedure for shipping radioactive materials?

<p>Notifying local authorities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the allowable dpm (disintegrations per minute) limit for a wiped surface area of 300 cm* as per DOT regulations?

<p>6,600 dpm</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be done to a package before shipping radioactive materials according to DOT regulations?

<p>Conduct a wipe test for surface contamination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the maximum allowable surface level of removable contamination on packaging according to DOT regulations?

<p>2 dpm/cm²</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what instance are return of radioactive materials and their residues subject to DOT regulations?

<p>When returned to a radiopharmacy or manufacturer</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the specific gravity requirement for a material to be considered radioactive for shipping purposes as per DOT regulations?

<p>Greater than 0.002 Ci/g</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be indicated on the 'RADIOACTIVE' label attached to a package with radioactive materials before shipping?

<p>Transport Index</p> Signup and view all the answers

How should levels of removable contamination on packaging be according to regulatory requirements?

<p>As low as possible</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is required to be done if surface contamination exceeds 2 dpm/cm² as per DOT regulations?

<p>Decontaminate the package</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why should surveys be conducted on packages before shipping radioactive materials?

<p>To check for surface contamination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be prepared when shipping radioactive materials according to DOT regulations?

<p>Shipping papers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of adhering to DOT regulations when shipping radioactive materials?

<p>To comply with legal requirements</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the acronym ALARA stand for in the context of NRC regulations?

<p>As Low as Reasonably Achievable</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why should surveys be conducted as reasonable according to NRC regulations?

<p>To minimize contamination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the maximum permissible surface level of removable contamination on packaging as specified by DOT regulations?

<p>$2 , dpm/cm^2$</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is required for radioactive materials in a room for less than 8 hours with a person present at all times to prevent exposure beyond limits?

<p>Personal monitoring devices</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Caution: RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL' areas should be posted for what condition?

<p>Areas with radiation hazards</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the Investigational Level in the NUREG-1556 model program based on?

<p>$10 %$ of occupational exposure limit</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must be included in survey and calibration records retained for 3 years according to NRC regulations?

<p>Date of survey, results, instrument used, and name of individual who performed the survey</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of posting a 'CAUTION: HIGH RADIATION AREA' sign?

<p>To alert individuals about high radiation levels in the area</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are wipe tests required on external surfaces of packages labeled with certain radioactive labels?

<p>To inspect for contamination or damage</p> Signup and view all the answers

Under what condition is a caution sign not required for radioactive materials in a room?

<p>If stored for less than 8 hours with continuous monitoring</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of retaining records of receipt of radioactive shipments for as long as materials are in possession of the licensee or 3 years after disposal?

<p>To ensure compliance with regulations</p> Signup and view all the answers

When should monitoring be performed for packages received outside of regular working hours?

<p>Within 3 hours of beginning the workday</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Geiger-Muller survey' monitoring is required only for packages containing quantities of radioactive material greater than or equal to which type?

<p>Type A quantities</p> Signup and view all the answers

'CAUTION: RADIATION AREA' signs are posted for areas where radiation levels could result in an individual receiving a dose equivalent exceeding how many rem in 1 hour at 30 cm from the source?

<p>$0.005$ rem</p> Signup and view all the answers

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