Quality Assurance in Software Development
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Quality Assurance in Software Development

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@TopsBasilisk

Questions and Answers

What is the primary goal of Quality Assurance (QA) in software development?

To ensure software meets specified requirements and is reliable

What type of testing involves testing software without knowledge of the internal workings?

Black Box Testing

What is the benefit of QA that involves identifying and fixing defects early in the development cycle?

Identification and fixing of defects early

Study Notes

Quality Assurance (QA) in Software

Definition: QA is a systematic process to ensure that software meets specified requirements and is reliable, stable, and meets the desired quality standards.

Goals of QA:

  • Ensure software meets user requirements
  • Identify and fix defects early
  • Improve software quality and reliability
  • Reduce development time and costs
  • Enhance customer satisfaction

Types of QA:

  • Manual Testing: Testing software manually without using automated tools
  • Automated Testing: Using software tools to execute pre-scripted tests
  • Black Box Testing: Testing software without knowledge of the internal workings
  • White Box Testing: Testing software with knowledge of the internal workings
  • Grey Box Testing: Testing software with partial knowledge of the internal workings

QA Activities:

  • Requirements Gathering: Collecting and documenting user requirements
  • Test Planning: Creating test plans and strategies
  • Test Case Development: Creating test cases and scripts
  • Test Environment Setup: Setting up test environments and infrastructure
  • Test Execution: Executing tests and reporting defects
  • Defect Reporting and Tracking: Reporting and tracking defects to resolve them

QA Tools:

  • Test Management Tools: e.g., TestRail, PractiTest
  • Automated Testing Tools: e.g., Selenium, Appium
  • Defect Tracking Tools: e.g., JIRA, Trello
  • Continuous Integration Tools: e.g., Jenkins, Travis CI

Benefits of QA:

  • Improved software quality and reliability
  • Reduced development time and costs
  • Enhanced customer satisfaction
  • Increased confidence in software releases
  • Identification and fixing of defects early in the development cycle

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