Principles of Thermal Comfort in Architectural Design

ClearSard2108 avatar
ClearSard2108
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

17 Questions

Apa yang dimaksud dengan kemampuan inersia termal?

Kemampuan material untuk menyimpan energi panas dari waktu ke waktu

Apa peran isolasi dalam kenyamanan termal?

Mencegah kehilangan panas saat cuaca dingin

Material dengan massa termal yang tinggi umumnya digunakan di daerah beriklim _____.

hangat

Apa pentingnya orientasi bangunan dalam kenyamanan termal?

Mengontrol penyerapan panas matahari

Berapa persen panas yang diserap oleh bangunan dari sinar matahari atau radiasi matahari disebut sebagai?

Penyinaran sinar matahari

Apa yang mempengaruhi kinerja keseluruhan dari lapisan pelindung bangunan?

Rasio daerah tak tembus cahaya terhadap daerah kaca

Material dengan massa termal rendah seperti kayu lebih disukai di daerah beriklim _____.

dingin

Apa yang menjadi tujuan utama dari standar kenyamanan termal?

Menentukan rentang suhu yang memberikan kepuasan termal untuk minimal 80% penghuni

Siapakah peneliti yang banyak berkontribusi dalam pengembangan model matematis untuk standar kenyamanan termal?

Fanger dan peneliti lain

Kenapa penting untuk mencatat bahwa kenyamanan adalah kondisi subjektif?

Agar penghuni bisa menyesuaikan diri dengan suhu lingkungan

Apa peran dari standar ASHRAE seperti Standar 55 dalam hal kenyamanan termal?

Menentukan rentang suhu di berbagai zona iklim

Bagaimana standar kenyamanan termal berperan dalam keberlanjutan bangunan?

Mengurangi konsumsi energi sistem lingkungan bangunan

Mengapa standar kenyamanan termal memerlukan penyesuaian di wilayah tropis seperti Afrika sub-Sahara?

Karena kelembapan dan panas yang tinggi di wilayah tersebut

Apa yang menyebabkan pentingnya orientasi bangunan dalam mencapai kenyamanan termal?

Mempengaruhi intensitas cahaya alami di dalam ruangan

Bagaimana standar kenyamanan termal dapat memengaruhi produktivitas penghuni bangunan?

Dengan mempengaruhi suasana hati dan konsentrasi penghuni

Apa dampak dari standar kenyamanan termal terhadap konsumsi energi sistem lingkungan bangunan?

'Menjadi lebih hemat energi'

Apa yang membedakan kenyamanan dari standar dengan kondisi absolut?

Kenyamanan didasarkan pada preferensi individu

Study Notes

Principles of Thermal Comfort in Architectural Design

Efficient Building Exterior

Creating an efficient building exterior is essential for optimal thermal comfort. A well-designed building envelope helps maintain a stable indoor environment by controlling heat gain, insulation, thermal inertia, and air ventilation. The building's orientation, opaque-to-glazed areas ratio, and heat reflection percentage are crucial factors that determine the envelope's overall performance.

Insulation

Insulation is responsible for maintaining the desired interior temperature by preventing heat loss in cold weather and excess heat gain in warm weather. High insulation values contribute to improved thermal comfort by maintaining a consistent indoor temperature.

Solar Gain

Solar gain refers to the amount of heat absorbed by a building through its envelope, either directly from sunlight or indirectly through solar radiation. By controlling solar gain, architects can ensure that buildings remain cool during warm seasons and retain warmth during cold ones. Materials with high thermal mass, such as bricks and stones, are commonly used in hot environments to keep interiors cool for extended periods, whereas low thermal mass materials like wood are preferred in colder regions to increase heating efficiency.

Thermal Inertia

Thermal inertia refers to a material's ability to store heat energy over time, which can significantly impact a building's internal temperature fluctuations. High thermal inertia materials, such as brick and stone, release stored heat slowly and help maintain indoor temperatures longer, whereas low thermal inertia materials, such as wood, absorb and lose heat quickly.

Air Ventilation

Managing air exchange and circulation with the outdoors is crucial for maintaining thermal comfort. Both mechanical and natural ventilation can be employed to release humidity and provide fresh air flow within a building, contributing to a comfortable atmosphere.

Learn about the key concepts in architectural design that influence thermal comfort, including efficient building exteriors, insulation, solar gain, thermal inertia, and air ventilation. Understanding these principles is crucial for creating spaces with optimal indoor temperature and comfort.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Architectural Design Principles Quiz
10 questions
Sun Shading Devices Quiz
5 questions

Sun Shading Devices Quiz

WellManneredVision avatar
WellManneredVision
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser