Prepositions: Types and Examples

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6 Questions

What is the primary function of prepositions in a sentence?

To show relationships between words

Which type of preposition shows movement or direction?

Words of Direction

What is a characteristic of prepositions?

They usually come before the noun or pronoun they modify

What is an example of a prepositional phrase?

In the book

What do words of association show?

A connection or relationship between things

What is a common preposition?

Of

Study Notes

Definition

A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

Types of Prepositions

1. Words of Location

  • Show where something is in relation to something else
  • Examples: in, on, at, by, with, under, above, etc.

2. Words of Direction

  • Show movement or direction
  • Examples: to, from, up, down, in, out, etc.

3. Words of Time

  • Show when something happens
  • Examples: at, on, during, before, after, etc.

4. Words of Manner

  • Show how something is done
  • Examples: by, with, in, like, etc.

5. Words of Association

  • Show a connection or relationship between things
  • Examples: with, of, about, etc.

Characteristics of Prepositions

  • Usually come before the noun or pronoun they modify (hence the name "pre-position")
  • Often used in phrases to show relationships
  • Can be used to form idiomatic expressions
  • Can be used to show possession or belonging

Common Prepositions

  • of, to, in, that, is, for, with, as, on, at, by, from, etc.

Prepositional Phrases

  • A phrase that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun
  • Examples: in the book, on the table, under the bridge, etc.

Functions of Prepositions

  • Show relationships between words in a sentence
  • Provide context and meaning to sentences
  • Help to clarify the meaning of words and phrases

Definition of Prepositions

  • A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

Types of Prepositions

  • Words of Location: show where something is in relation to something else, e.g., in, on, at, by, with, under, above.
  • Words of Direction: show movement or direction, e.g., to, from, up, down, in, out.
  • Words of Time: show when something happens, e.g., at, on, during, before, after.
  • Words of Manner: show how something is done, e.g., by, with, in, like.
  • Words of Association: show a connection or relationship between things, e.g., with, of, about.

Characteristics of Prepositions

  • They usually come before the noun or pronoun they modify (hence the name "pre-position").
  • Often used in phrases to show relationships.
  • Can be used to form idiomatic expressions.
  • Can be used to show possession or belonging.

Common Prepositions

  • Examples: of, to, in, that, is, for, with, as, on, at, by, from.

Prepositional Phrases

  • A phrase that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun.
  • Examples: in the book, on the table, under the bridge.

Functions of Prepositions

  • Show relationships between words in a sentence.
  • Provide context and meaning to sentences.
  • Help to clarify the meaning of words and phrases.

Learn about prepositions, which show relationships between nouns and other words in a sentence, and explore different types such as words of location, direction, and time.

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