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# Polynomial Functions: Interval Notation Quiz

Created by
@LeanHawk

### What do the zeros of a polynomial function correspond to in terms of the graph of the function?

• Inflection points
• y-intercepts
• x-intercepts (correct)
• Maximum points
• ### In a polynomial function, what does the rule state about the sign of the function between consecutive zeros?

• The sign remains negative throughout.
• The sign is always zero.
• The sign alternates between positive and negative. (correct)
• The sign remains positive throughout.
• ### For a polynomial with zeros at x = 2 and x = -5, what would be the positive interval based on the rule mentioned?

• (-∞, -5)
• (2, ∞) (correct)
• (2, -5)
• (2, -∞)
• ### If a polynomial alternates between positive and negative signs on an interval, what can be concluded about the zeros of the polynomial within that interval?

<p>There are multiple zeros in that interval.</p> Signup and view all the answers

### Given a polynomial p(x) = x^3 - 4x^2 + 5x - 2, what are the zeros of this polynomial?

<p>(2, 1+√3, 1-√3)</p> Signup and view all the answers

### In a polynomial function where n is even, if the sign alternates between positive and negative on an interval (a, b), what can we deduce about the values of a and b?

<p><code>a</code> is greater than <code>b</code></p> Signup and view all the answers

## Introduction

Polynomial functions play an integral role in mathematics, particularly in algebra and calculus. These functions are composed of variables raised to powers along with coefficients, which are multiplied and added together. They are expressed in the form of ax^n + bx^(n-1) + ... + cz + d, where a != 0. In this article, we will focus on understanding the concept of polynomial functions through interval notation.

## Plotting Zeros of Polynomials

Before delving into interval notation, it's essential to understand the relationship between the zeros of polynomials and the intervals over which they are positive or negative. The zeros of a polynomial correspond to the x-intercepts of the graph of the function. For instance, if we have a polynomial like p(x) = x^2 + 3x - 2, the zeros will occur at (-3 ± sqrt(9 + 8)) / 2.

## Determining Positive and Negative Intervals

To determine the intervals over which a polynomial is positive or negative, we can utilize the rule that the sign of a polynomial between any two consecutive zeros remains consistently positive or negative. Consider a polynomial p(x) = ax^n + bx^(n-1) + ... + c with zeros at x = z_1 and x = z_2. If the polynomial alternates between positive and negative on this interval, we have two consecutive intervals where the function changes sign: (z_1, z_2) and (z_2, z_1 + 2), depending on whether n is even or odd, respectively.

## Connecting to Graphs

By knowing the sign of a polynomial between two consecutive zeros, we can create good sketches of its graph. For example, if the polynomial is always positive between any two consecutive zeros, their corresponding intervals will lie above the x-axis, while intervals that include the x-axis will contain both positive and negative values.

In conclusion, understanding polynomial functions through interval notation is crucial for graphing these functions effectively and determining their behavior over different intervals. By recognizing patterns in the signs of polynomials between zeros and applying this knowledge to interval notation, we can gain valuable insights into the nature of polynomial functions and how they relate to their graphs.

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## Description

Test your knowledge on interval notation for polynomial functions. Explore the concepts of zeros, positive and negative intervals, and their connection to graph sketches in this quiz.

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