Plumbing Systems and Sanitary Drainage Quiz

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16 Questions

What type of waste water includes water plus human waste solid and liquid, urine, that is flushed out of toilets and urinals?

Black Water

Which type of pipe conveys the discharge of water closets, urinals, or fixtures having similar functions?

Soil Pipe

What is an extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the stack?

Stack Vent

What is the general term used for any vertical line of soil, waste, or vent piping?

Stack

What type of pipe is used for ensuring the circulation of air in a plumbing system and for reducing the pressure exerted on trap seals?

Vent

Which part of a piping system is the principal artery of the system to which branches may be connected?

Main

What is the primary function of a relief vent?

To provide circulation of air between drainage and vent system

What is the vertical distance between the dip and crown wire of a trap called?

Seql

What is the function of a cleanout ferrule in a pipe?

To allow for cleaning or examining the interior of the pipe

What does a house trap prevent from passing through a pipe?

Air and gas

What is the purpose of a sump in a plumbing system?

To collect liquid wastes at a low point

What is the definition of sewage?

The liquid wastes conducted away from buildings/structures

What is the function of a public sewer?

To convey sewage directly controlled by public authority

What does a house drain receive the discharge from?

Soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside of a building

What is the role of a shaft in a building?

To accommodate elevators, dumbwaiters, light, ventilation, etc.

What is the definition of a pipe chase?

A space to accommodate future plumbing pipes

Study Notes

Types of Wastewater

  • Sanitary wastewater includes water plus human waste (solid and liquid), urine, flushed out of toilets and urinals.

Pipes and Fittings

  • Soil waste pipe conveys discharge of water closets, urinals, or fixtures having similar functions.
  • A vent pipe ensures circulation of air in a plumbing system and reduces pressure exerted on trap seals.

Piping System

  • A stack is a vertical line of soil, waste, or vent piping.
  • A branch line is connected to a main line, the principal artery of the system.
  • The primary function of a relief vent is to relieve pressure in the system.

Traps and Draining

  • A trap seal is protected by the vertical distance between the dip and crown wire of a trap, called the trap seal depth.
  • A cleanout ferrule in a pipe allows for easy cleaning and maintenance.
  • A house trap prevents sewer gases from passing through a pipe.
  • A sump in a plumbing system collects and holds wastewater before pumping or draining.

Sewer Systems

  • Sewage is wastewater that includes human waste, urine, and other pollutants.
  • A public sewer collects and transports sewage away from buildings.
  • A house drain receives discharge from plumbing fixtures and appliances.

Building Infrastructure

  • A shaft in a building is a vertical passage for pipes, ducts, and cables.
  • A pipe chase is a narrow, enclosed space in a building for hiding pipes and conduits.

Test your knowledge of plumbing systems and sanitary drainage with this quiz. Learn about the different types of waste water and elements of the sanitary system like soil pipes and stacks.

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