Plato and Aristotle in Political Science

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What is the significance of Plato's work 'The Republic' in the context of political science?

It is the first systematic study of the political process that generated the ideal of elite politicians who used rationality to govern the state.

What is the common thread between Plato and Aristotle's work in ancient Greece?

They both sought to systematically analyze the political system of the city-state.

Who is credited as the Father of Political Science?

Aristotle

What is notable about Aristotle's approach to politics, in addition to his philosophical contributions?

He made generalizations about the political consequences of various constitutional processes.

What was Aristotle's advocacy in the field of politics?

The establishment of written rules of governance.

What is the significance of Plato's recognition as the 'parent of political philosophy'?

It is due to his work on 'The Republic', which laid the foundation for the development of political philosophy.

How did Aristotle's work differ from Plato's in terms of scope?

Aristotle's work encompassed not only politics but also science and logic.

Who was Aristotle's most famous student?

Alexander the Great

What did Aristotle's comprehensive analysis of political culture involve?

A comprehensive analysis of the political culture of the community.

Study Notes

The Origins of Political Science

  • The development of political science originated from the time of Plato, a Greek philosopher who systematically analyzed the political system of ancient Greece.

Contributions of Plato

  • Plato's work "The Republic" is considered the first systematic study of the political process.
  • "The Republic" generated the ideal of elite politicians who use rationality to govern the state.
  • Plato's work on "The Republic" earned him recognition as the parent of political philosophy.

Contributions of Aristotle

  • Aristotle is regarded as the Father of Political Science due to his far-reaching and permanent contributions to the field.
  • Aristotle was a student of Plato and also tutored Alexander the Great.
  • He made generalizations about the political consequences of various constitutional processes.
  • Aristotle advocated for the establishment of written rules of governance.
  • He made a comprehensive analysis of the political culture of the community.

Key Figures

  • Plato: a Greek philosopher who systematically analyzed the political system of ancient Greece.
  • Aristotle: a Greek philosopher, student of Plato, and tutor of Alexander the Great.

Explore the contributions of Plato and Aristotle to the development of political science in ancient Greece. Learn about their systematic analysis of the political systems in city-states such as Athens.

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