Philosophy: Metaphysics and Epistemology Quiz

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Match the following philosophical concepts with their definitions:

Epistemology = Study of knowledge and how it is acquired Ontological argument = Argument for the existence of God based on reason alone Metaphysics = Study of the nature of reality and existence Moral argument = Argument for the existence of God based on presupposing an objective right and wrong in the universe

Match the following epistemological theories with their descriptions:

Coherence theory = Truth is determined by how well a belief "fits" with other beliefs Correspondence theory = Truth is determined by matching, in real life, to what is actually the case Internalism = Belief is justified if appropriate steps are taken within the knower Externalism = Belief is justified if factors outside of the believer align with a true state of affairs in the world

Match the following philosophical positions with their concepts:

Determinism = Belief that all events are decided already by causes external to human will Compatibilism = Belief that determinism and free will can coexist Physicalism = Belief that everything can be reduced to material processes Dualism = Belief that reality consists of two distinct substances, usually mind and matter

Match the following philosophical approaches with their focus:

Bundle theory = Focuses on identity as a collection of experiences, rather than a persistent objective "thing" Standpoint epistemology = Focuses on how knowledge is influenced by one's social position or perspective Teleological = Focuses on the purpose or end goal of things Skepticism = Focuses on doubting or questioning the possibility of knowledge, even as a way to think more about what counts as knowledge

Match the following types of knowledge with their characteristics:

A priori = Knowledge that is independent of experience A posteriori = Knowledge that is derived from experience or observation Propositional knowledge = Knowledge that can be expressed as a statement or claim about the world Justified true belief = Knowledge defined as accurate, and supported by good reasons

Test your knowledge on philosophical concepts such as monism, pluralism, dualism, and physicalism. Explore arguments like the teleological and moral arguments, as well as key theories like bundle theory and determinism.

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