Philippine Government Institutions and Electoral System Quiz
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Philippine Government Institutions and Electoral System Quiz

Test your knowledge on the judicial branch of the Philippines and understand the electoral systems in the country. Learn about the functions of the Supreme Court, interpretations of laws, electoral suffrage, and more.

Created by
@StylishFife

Questions and Answers

What type of party focuses on advocating for a particular cause or issue?

Single-Issue Parties

In the Philippines' political system, how is the President elected?

Elected by popular vote

Which branch of government in the Philippines is independent of the executive and legislative branches?

Judiciary

What characterizes the political landscape in the Philippines?

<p>Multi-party system</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of party seeks to encompass a variety of ideological positions within its membership?

<p>Big Tent Parties</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the three branches of government in the Philippines?

<p>Executive, Legislative, Judicial</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of the judicial branch in the Philippines?

<p>To interpret the meaning of laws and ensure they do not violate the Constitution</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key feature of the electoral system in the Philippines?

<p>The president and vice president are elected independently</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following best describes the Philippine political party system?

<p>A multi-party system, where numerous parties exist and collaborate to form coalition governments</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is not a function of the Philippine Constitution?

<p>Overseeing the electoral process and ensuring fair elections</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) in the Philippines?

<p>To be the main constitutional commission responsible for running all elections in the country</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is not a function of the judicial branch in the Philippines?

<p>Appointing the members of the House of Representatives</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term length for the President of the Philippines?

<p>6 years</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which branch of the government in the Philippines is responsible for interpreting laws and ensuring constitutional adherence?

<p>Judicial Branch</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is the President of the Philippines elected?

<p>By national popular vote</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the Cabinet in the Philippine government?

<p>Governing body assisting the president</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which court in the Philippines primarily deals with anti-graft cases?

<p>Sandiganbayan</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main responsibility of the Congress of the Philippines?

<p>Representing the people</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Judicial Branch

  • Headed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines
  • Interprets the meaning of laws
  • Applies laws to individual cases
  • Ensures that laws do not violate the Constitution
  • Addresses violations of authority or abuse of power by the government

Electoral System

  • Universal Direct Suffrage: citizens aged 18 and older have the right to vote (15 for SK)
  • Directly elects the president, vice president, and most of the seats in the bicameral legislature
  • A minority of House members, known as sectoral representatives, are appointed by the president
  • Multi-Party System: numerous parties exist, and no single party typically gains power alone
  • Parties must collaborate to form a coalition government
  • Commission on Elections (COMELEC) is responsible for running elections

Legislative Branch

  • Bicameral, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives
  • Enacts laws, approves budgets, and represents the people
  • The Senate and the House of Representatives collectively perform these functions

Executive Branch

  • Led by the President of the Philippines
  • Composed of the Vice President and the Cabinet and executive departments
  • The President is both the head of state and the head of government
  • Directly elected by national popular vote for a term of six years
  • Assisted by the Cabinet and executive departments in governing

Types of Political Parties

  • Ideological Parties: based on specific political ideologies, advocate for policies aligned with their beliefs
  • Big Tent Parties: aim to appeal to a broad range of voters by encompassing varied ideological positions
  • Single-Issue Parties: focus on advocating for a particular cause or issue, their platform typically revolves around a single issue

Branches of Government

  • Legislative Branch: Congress of the Philippines, enacts laws, approves budgets, and represents the people
  • Executive Branch: led by the President, head of state and head of government, governs with the assistance of the Cabinet and executive departments
  • Judicial Branch: Supreme Court of the Philippines, interprets laws, resolves legal disputes, and ensures constitutional adherence

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