Panchayati Raj System in India

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ग्राम पंचायत के किस पद के लिए एक समिति स्थापित की जाती है जिसमें चेयरमैन, वाइस-चेयरमैन, सचिव, कोषाध्यक्ष, लेखाकार, सीवेज डिस्पोजर, कल्याण अधिकारी, जल आपूर्ति अधिकारी, कृषि अधिकारी आदि होते हैं?

सचिव

किन पदों के लिए ग्राम पंचायत में आरक्षण नहीं होता है?

कोषाध्यक्ष

किस प्रक्रिया के माध्यम से हर पंचायती राज प्रतिनिधि पंच-साल में गुप्त मतदान के माध्यम से चुने जाते हैं?

सार्वजनिक मतदान

किस उपकरण का उपयोग सुनिश्चित करने के लिए होता है कि प्रशासन की सुगम संचालन के लिए आवश्यक गतिविधियों का पूरा हो?

'संरक्षक

'पंचायती राज प्रणाली' में समाजिक न्याय और समानता को बढ़ावा देने के लिए कौन-कौन से महत्वपूर्ण माध्यम प्रस्तुत करते हैं?

'सीमेट महिला' और 'संरक्षक'

ग्राम पंचायत क्या है?

पंचायती राज सिस्टम की सबसे निचली स्तरीय पंचायत

ग्राम सभा में कौन-कौन शामिल होते हैं?

सभी वयस्क सदस्य

ग्राम पंचायत का क्या मुख्य कार्य होता है?

स्वास्थ्य सुविधाओं का प्रबंधन

किस प्रक्रिया के माध्यम से ग्राम पंचायत में चुनाव होते हैं?

महिला समिति के मत के आधार पर

किस काम का निर्णय ग्राम पंचायत लेती है?

प्राथमिक शिक्षा संस्थान

Study Notes

Panchayati Raj refers to the system of local self-government that was established by the Government of India after independence. This decentralized form of government is designed to ensure better representation of people's needs and concerns, closer proximity between elected officials and the citizens they serve, and more effective execution of development programs. At its core, it aims to bring democracy deeper into rural areas where most Indians live, improving their access to civic services and giving them a voice in how these services are delivered.

In the context of panchayats, the term 'gram panchayat' refers specifically to the village council, which is the lowest level of the three tiers of governance under Panchayati Raj. These councils are responsible for governing villages with populations ranging from fewer than 1,000 to over 7,500 people, depending upon the state. They perform functions such as public distribution of food grains, maintenance of roads, establishment of schools, primary health centers, and so on.

The Panchayati Raj System has been in place since the early days of Independence because of the belief that if villages were brought within the democratic process, they would develop faster. Since the beginning, there have been graded levels of elections held through gram sabhas or samitis. A Gram Sabha consists of all adult members of the hamlet while the Samiti includes those who can read or write.

Some key aspects of the Panchayati Raj System include the election of representatives by secret ballot every five years; provision for reservations to scheduled castes and tribes; constitutional status granted to the Zila Parishad, Mandal Praja Parisads and Gram Panchayats; reservations for women; transferable voting rights given to property owners only; and indirectly elective bodies serving in the different levels of Panchayati Raj. Each Gram Panchayat also establishes a committee consisting of a chairman, vice-chairman, secretary, treasurer, accountant, sewage disposer, welfare officer, water supply officer, agricultural officer, etc., to carry out various activities required for the smooth functioning of administration.

Overall, the Panchayati Raj System provides an important means for promoting social justice and equality among citizens, particularly in rural areas where government reach had previously been limited. It offers opportunities for growth and modernization, and serves as a model for good practice in democratic governance.

Explore the decentralized system of local self-government known as Panchayati Raj established by the Indian government, aimed at better representation of people's needs, effective execution of development programs, and bringing democracy to rural areas. Learn about the structure, functions, and key aspects of the Gram Panchayat, elections, reservations, and committees.

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